Empirical study on the relationship between income smoothing and shareholders wealth among Malaysian listed companies / Ruslaina Haji Yusoff

Yusoff, Ruslaina (2001) Empirical study on the relationship between income smoothing and shareholders wealth among Malaysian listed companies / Ruslaina Haji Yusoff. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

Abstract

This research was carried out to identify the income smoothing and non-smoothing
companies listed in the KLSE first board using Eckel's Index (1981) and to examine the
relationship between the income smoothing and shareholder wealth (companies' share
price). 298 listed companies have been selected as samples in the current study. Income
before extraordinary items (El), pretax income (PI) and net income (NI) are used as an
income measurement in Eckel's Index. Based on descriptive statistic, it was found that
there are more smoothing than non-smoothing companies, based on all three income
measurement.
Based on t-test and Wilcoxon sign-rank test, the results indicated that there is no
significant difference between cumulative abnormal return for smoothing and nonsmoothing
companies at any income measurement (El, PI and NI). Furthermore, when
size (measured by market equity) is examined between smoothing and non-smoothing
companies, it was found that income smoothing does not depend on the size of the
company. Further test indicates that there is no significant difference between
cumulative abnormal return of large and small companies.
Based on the results obtained from ANOVA, it showed that there is no significant
difference of cumulative abnormal return between groups when income before
extraordinary items and pretax income was used as income measurement in detecting
the presence of income smoothing. However, there was a difference in cumulative
abnormal return between industries when net income was being used as an income
measurement. The univariate regression confirms the earlier result that there is no
significant relationship between cumulative abnormal returns, income smoothing, firm
size and industry. Thus, the result in the current study provides evidence that there is
more smoothing than non-smoothing companies. However, investors in Malaysia
during the study period (1994 - 1999) seem to ignore the smooth income streams. Thus,
improvement in shareholders wealth is not the motivation for smoothing in Malaysia.

Metadata

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Creators:
Creators
Email / ID Num.
Yusoff, Ruslaina
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory. Demography > Income. Factor shares > Profit
H Social Sciences > HG Finance > Investment, capital formation, speculation
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Accountancy
Keywords: Income, shareholder, Eckel's Index, smoothing and non-smoothing companies
Date: 2001
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/3202
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