Corporate tax burden and financial attributes of fraud firms and non-fraud firms / Ainon Mardia Mohamed Yusof, Rohaya Md Noor and Mohamad Ridhuan Mat Dangi

Mohamed Yusof, Ainon Mardia and Md Noor, Rohaya and Mat Dangi, Mohamad Ridhuan (2014) Corporate tax burden and financial attributes of fraud firms and non-fraud firms / Ainon Mardia Mohamed Yusof, Rohaya Md Noor and Mohamad Ridhuan Mat Dangi. Gading Journal for the Social Sciences, 18 (01). pp. 77-100. ISSN 2600-7568

Abstract

The goal of this study was to examine corporate tax burdens and the financial attributes of fraud firms (FF) and non-fraud firms (NFF) in Malaysia. This study used the company’s effective tax rate (ETR) to determine the level of corporate tax burden. The sample of fraud firms was obtained from the Enforcement Release reported by the Securities Commissions focusing on criminal prosecutions from the year 2001 to 2010. The fraud firms were then matched with the non-fraud firms on the basis of size, time period and industry. The investigation period of this study covered a period of four years, i.e., a fraud year and the three years prior to the companies being prosecuted for fraud. Using a total of 264 firm-years from 33 fraud firms and 33 non-fraud firms, this study examined the level of corporate ETR, the variation of corporate ETR from Statutory Tax Rate (STR), and the association between companies’ financial attributes and their ETR. Five financial attributes were examined; firm size, leverage, return on assets, capital intensity and inventory intensity. The statistical results revealed that both the mean ETR for fraud firms (50.14%) and non-fraud firms (36.07%) were higher than the mean STR (27.67%) imposed by the government during the period under study. The findings indicate that fraud firms paid higher tax expense than the non-fraud firms. Further, the findings also indicate that return on assets and capital intensity were significantly associated with the variability of the corporate ETR. The study has provided empirical evidence that both fraud firms and non-fraud firms paid higher effective tax rate than the statutory tax rate. Thus, the findings imply that the sample fraud firms were not tax-motivated. Hence, the study has contributed to the tax literature on the financial attributes of fraud firms which could assist relevant authorities, specifically in selecting cases for the tax audit and investigation.

Metadata

Item Type: Article
Creators:
Creators
Email / ID Num.
Mohamed Yusof, Ainon Mardia
UNSPECIFIED
Md Noor, Rohaya
rohay725@salam.uitm.edu.my
Mat Dangi, Mohamad Ridhuan
ridhuan@salam.uitm.edu.my
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HF Commerce > Tariff. Free trade. Protectionism
H Social Sciences > HJ Public Finance > Revenue. Taxation. Internal revenue > Tax assessment
H Social Sciences > HJ Public Finance > Tax collection. Taxpayer compliance
H Social Sciences > HJ Public Finance > Revenue. Taxation. Internal revenue > Tax incidence. Tax shifting. Tax equity. Tax planning
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pahang > Jengka Campus
Journal or Publication Title: Gading Journal for the Social Sciences
UiTM Journal Collections: UiTM Journal > Gading Journal for the Social Sciences (GADINGSS)
ISSN: 2600-7568
Volume: 18
Number: 01
Page Range: pp. 77-100
Keywords: Effective tax rate, Fraud firms, Non-fraud firms, Statutory tax rate
Date: December 2014
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/29471
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