The role of media in the Arab revolutions: the case of Syria / Bachar Bakour

Bakour, Bachar (2020) The role of media in the Arab revolutions: the case of Syria / Bachar Bakour. ESTEEM Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 5. pp. 93-106. ISSN 2600-7274

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Abstract

Whether in the time of war or peace, media, considered the ‘Fourth Authority’, must struggle to present the truth to the public, making no concession to any kind of authority, whether legislative, executive or judicial. This study, which adopts descriptive-analytical method, gives a brief account of the 2011 Arab popular revolts with reference to the media's significant role in war/conflict. Then, it investigates the manipulative role played by the official and semi-official visual media during the first six months of the Syrian Revolution. As a tool in the hand of the regime, these media outlets worked on propagating the regime’s adopted narrative. This narrative depicts the non-violent protestors as terrorist gangs, and conspirators supported by foreign imperial powers. The media’s manipulative role in the presentation of events and dissemination of information falls under the following categories: misrepresenting reports; the blame game; defaming the opponent; manipulating religious discourse and polishing the image of the regime. Examples are furnished for each category. Finally, the study calls for the core values of ethical media from the Islamic perspective, providing a blueprint for those who aspire to engage in the public information sphere and to ensure reliability and credibility in their profession.

Metadata

Item Type: Article
Creators:
Creators
Email
Bakour, Bachar
bashar@iium.edu.my
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General) > Research
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General) > Research > Quantitative research
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pulau Pinang > Permatang Pauh Campus
Journal or Publication Title: ESTEEM Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities
UiTM Journal Collections: UiTM Journal > ESTEEM Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (EJSSH)
ISSN: 2600-7274
Volume: 5
Page Range: pp. 93-106
Official URL: https://ejssh.uitm.edu.my/
Item ID: 29171
Uncontrolled Keywords: Media, Syria, Revolution, regime, information, news
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/29171

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29171

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