Earnings management and deferred tax / Rohaya Md Noor, Nor’Azam Mastuki and Zanariah Aziz

Aziz, Zanariah (2007) Earnings management and deferred tax / Rohaya Md Noor, Nor’Azam Mastuki and Zanariah Aziz. Malaysian Accounting Review, 6 (1). pp. 1-17. ISSN 1675-4077

Official URL: https://mar.uitm.edu.my/

Abstract

This study investigates whether firms use deferred tax expense to meet earnings targets: (1) to avoid an earnings decline and (2) to avoid a loss. The current study replicates Phillips et al. (2003)’s study, where they found evidence that firms use deferred tax expense to manage earnings. The study examines the financial statements prepared for 2001 – 2003 of firms from consumer and industrial products listed on the first and second board of Bursa Malaysia. The final sample comprises of 493 firm-years base on the deferred tax expense
reports for the three-year investigation periods, after filtering the outliers at
1st and 99th percentiles. Using Burgstahler and Dichev (1997) earnings
distribution approach, Healy (1985) total accruals and Modified Jones model
abnormal accruals (Dechow et al., 1995), the study finds evidence that firms
use deferred tax expense to avoid a loss. This study also evidenced an increasing
trend of deferred tax liabilities reported by firm from 1990 – 2004. The credit
balance of deferred tax liabilities means firms report book income higher
than taxable income, which indicates the firms’ tax planning strategies by
crystallizing their tax liabilities to the future years.

Metadata

Item Type: Article
Creators:
Creators
Email / ID Num.
Aziz, Zanariah
UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Accounting Research Institute (ARI)
Journal or Publication Title: Malaysian Accounting Review
UiTM Journal Collections: UiTM Journal > Management & Accounting Review (MAR)
ISSN: 1675-4077
Volume: 6
Number: 1
Page Range: pp. 1-17
Keywords: Earnings management, Deferred tax expense, Deferred tax liabilities, tax planning.
Date: June 2007
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/281
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281

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