Application of Pb-210 dating method for recent sedimentation and history of metals contaminant in a former tin mining lake / Zaharidah Abu Bakar

Abu Bakar, Zaharidah (2009) Application of Pb-210 dating method for recent sedimentation and history of metals contaminant in a former tin mining lake / Zaharidah Abu Bakar. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


Former tin mining lakes are recent fresh water man-made lakes. The lakes were suspected to have high sedimentation rate and anthropogenic toxic metals due to past mining activities and recent human activities in and around the lake areas. Sedimentation in lake occurred through run-off from the land surface and settles on the bottom lake. Increasing of interest on metals contaminant in the sediment lakes was due to the fact that sediment can act as sink and storage of heavy metals. Profile of metals against sediment depth enables us to obtain valuable information about environmental and deposition of contamination in that area. The study involved depth profiling of Pb-210 and metals concentration and then applying Pb-210 dating technique to estimate sedimentation rate, history of metals input and modeling of contaminants. The sediment cores were sampled from a former tin mining lake in Kampung Gajah, Perak, by using gravity corer. The sliced cores were then analyzed using alpha-spectrometry and Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA) technique to determine activity of Pb-210 and concentration of AI, As, Co, Cr, Fe, Mn, Zn, Th and U. Result showed activity of Pb210 for sediment cores ranged between 175.48 Bq kg-1 - 450.96 Bq kg-1. From this study, sedimentation rate and Pb-210 inventory is depending on the contour of lake. Pb210 flux in the study area showed the highest value as compared to atmospheric regional and global value. It seems high in situ production of Pb-210 and emitted radiation in the study lake. Application of Pb-21 0 has successfully dated age of sediment back to about 60 years ago (~1950 - 2007) that corresponded to the stoppage of mining activities at the study area. Study in metals profile showed AI, As, Co, Cr, Fe, Mn, Zn, Th and U within the sediment lake were relatively higher than concentration of reference site. Enrichment factor (EF) value employed to estimate the degree of contaminant in the lake sediment indicated As, Th, U and Zn are enriched in lake sediment as compared to Co, Cr, Fe and Mn elements. Comparison to sediment guidelines, earth crust and reference site showed lake sediment is highly contaminated by As, moderate contamination by Zn and slightly contaminated by Cr and Mn. While, Th and U concentration showed relatively higher as compared to earth crust composition and reference site. Application of Pb-21 0 dating method enables to construct chronology of metals history. According to chronology of metals history showed most of metals increased to the recent years. This findings are likely due to anthropogenic input such human activities, atmospheric emission from fossil fuel and industries, cutting, slashed and bum of trees, clearing of land for agricultures, road construction and beginning of agriculture activities started during late 1980s. Correlation and cluster analysis were used to show origin source of metals. Porosity analysis of sediment cores showed compaction effect could be negligible. Modeling of contaminant modeled using emission of Pb-21 0 with relating to metals concentration derived using simple linear regression model. The derived equation could be used to predict either through metal concentration or radionuclides activities to the similar location as an assessment for monitoring and management practice.


Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
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Abu Bakar, Zaharidah
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Inorganic chemistry > Metals
Q Science > QD Chemistry > Organic chemistry
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Programme: Master of Science (Research)
Keywords: Sedimentation, Contaminant, Mining
Date: 2009
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