Segmenting microcalcifications using enhanced distance active contour (EDAC) / Siti Salmah Yasiran

Yasiran, Siti Salmah (2010) Segmenting microcalcifications using enhanced distance active contour (EDAC) / Siti Salmah Yasiran. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


Advances in computer technology are associated with complex mathematical computation problems. Time factor is normally an issue when applying algorithms to solve such problems. Computationally, segmentation process involves iterations which are time consuming. This study sets out to explore the Active Contour models to segment object boundaries using the Distance Active Contour (DAC) method. This model is then implemented on mammogram images of low contrast where the breast tissues and the breast abnormalities can hardly be differentiated. The main objective of this study is to enhance the DAC to segment microcalcifications in mammogram images. This is followed by the second aim which is to implement the enhanced DAC (EDAC) on mammogram images for segmentation purposes. Finally, the performance of the enhanced DAC is measured. There are four major phases employed in this study. The first phase is the knowledge and data acquisition. This is followed by the second phase which is to enhance the DAC. In this phase, some experiments were carried out on a breast phantom using the EDAC. The third phase involves the implementation of the EDAC on a set of real mammograms. Finally, the performance of EDAC in terms of accuracy and efficiency are measured. The accuracy is measured using Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve while the efficiency is measured in terms of time lapse. Results obtained show that the EDAC has successfully reduced the processing time. In addition to that, the boundaries of microcalcifications have been successfully segmented by the EDAC. It is also found that the performance of EDAC is better than the DAC.


Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
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Yasiran, Siti Salmah
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > Instruments and machines
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences
Date: 2010
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