Isolation and characterization of thermophilic bacteria from the hot springs in Malaysia / Siti Aisyah Mualif

Mualif, Siti Aisyah (2009) Isolation and characterization of thermophilic bacteria from the hot springs in Malaysia / Siti Aisyah Mualif. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


Thermophiles can be defined as organisms capable of growing at high temperatures (60°C to 80°C) as compared to the mesophiles (37°C). These organisms can be isolated in hot springs and most studies aim for their thermostable enzymes. Water samples from six hot springs (Selayang, Setapak, Klah, Labis , Gadek , and Pedas) were collected using the LaMotte bottom sampling dredge. Samples were mixed with CTYE medium and another portion without CTYE medium. These samples were transported in cold boxes and in the laboratory were incubated at 60°C for 1-2 days. Reference strain Thermus aquaticus (ATCC®25104™) was included as control. After 24 h incubation, turbid samples (indicating bacterial growth) were plated and incubated in the same condition using CTYE supplemented with 3% agar. Pure colonies were chosen from each culture plate for identification by (i) conventional biochemical methods and (ii) molecular characterization. Another portion of the water samples were processed directly for DNA. Extracted DNA were used to amplify 16S rDNA gene by PCR method. The amplicons were sent for sequencing and results obtained were aligned with representative 16S rDNA sequences of related taxa using CLUSTAL W 1.83 software. Based on 16S rDNA study, five new strains of bacteria (Klah, Klah 2, Labis, Gadek, and Pedas) were isolated and confirmed to be closely related to Geobacillus spp. These strains were earlier identified by conventional tests and found to be Gram-positive bacilli, motile, oxidase and catalase positive. More isolates were identified from the same locations: four Gram negative bacilli (Sly, Sly 2, Klah 1, and Gadek 1) and three Gram-positive spore-forming bacilli (Sly 1, Klah 3, Gadek 2). Out of the four Gram-negatives, two strains (Gadek I and Klah 1) were found to be closel y related to Thermus strains. Strains Klah 1, Klah 2, Klah 3, Labis , Gadek , Gadek 2 and Pedas were found to be protease enzyme producers. All the Gram-positives were related to thermophilic Bacillus spp. Most of the organisms from the hot springs can be maintained in the laboratory using CTYE medium at 60°C. The hot springs water temperature was in the range of 48°C to 95°C and pH 6.8 to 7.9. Morphological examination, conventional biochemical tests and physiological studies were found to be useful in the preliminary identification of new isolates. However, 16S rDNA sequences and phylogenetic analysis has proven to be more discriminative tool for accurate determination of unknown organism. In conclusion, this study therefore provides evidence that the hot springs in Malaysia supports the growth of both Thermus and Bacillus spp. These bacteria may have numerous potentials as useful enzyme producers for biotechnological applications.


Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
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Mualif, Siti Aisyah
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology > Bacteria
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Health Sciences
Keywords: Characterization, Thermophilic, Temperatures
Date: 2009
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