Thermal conductivity and wear behaviour of copper matrix composites reinforced with carbon nanotubes using powder metallurgy route / Nor Shamimi Shaari @ Md Noh

Shaari @ Md Noh, Nor Shamimi (2017) Thermal conductivity and wear behaviour of copper matrix composites reinforced with carbon nanotubes using powder metallurgy route / Nor Shamimi Shaari @ Md Noh. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


Recently, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) reinforced with metal matrix composites (MMCs) have attracted an increasing interest due to their promising properties. One of the challenges in metal matrix-CNTs composites research is producing a uniform dispersion of CNTs. A poor dispersion of CNTs within the matrix, attributed to strong CNTs entanglement caused by Van der Waals forces. In this study, acid treatment process was used to obtain homogenously dispersed CNTs in Cu powder for preparing Cu/CNTs composites. In this treatment process, a mixture of sulphuric acid (H2SO4) and nitric acid (HNO3) was used with the ratio of 3:1. The comparison between pristine CNTs (PCNTs) and acid treated CNTs (ACNTs) was done using FTIR, TEM and FESEM. The dispersion stability of the CNTs in distilled water was also investigated. The result showed that after treatment, the ACNTs exhibited better dispersion and less agglomeration compared to PCNTs. Powder metallurgy method was used in fabricating Cu/CNTs composites. The process comprised of mixing Cu powder with CNTs, compacting of the powder mixture to form green parts and sintering in an argon atmosphere. The green body was initially heated isothermally at 100°C for 1 hour with heating rate of 1.0 °C/min and sintered at a temperature of 900°C for 2 hours with heating rate of 0.5 °C/min. The composites contained 0 to 4 vol% of PCNTs and ACNTs, respectively. It was observed that as the CNTs content increased, the density of the composites was also decreased owing to low density of the CNTs. Besides, the shrinkage volume of the composites also inversely proportional with the CNTs content ranging from 12.41% to 17.02% (Cu/PCNTs) and 13.36% to 19.30% (Cu/ACNTs). The microstructure of the Cu/CNTs composites was evaluated via SEM. Big pore size distributions of Cu/PCNTs were visible at few locations due to the agglomeration and cluster of CNTs at certain area. While for Cu/ACNTs, the grain growth occurred between the particles and porosity was observed leads to the scattering pores due to the scattered dispersions of the treated CNTs. The correlation between the density, thermal conductivity, hardness and wear properties of the sintered Cu/CNTs were studied. For thermal conductivity of Cu/CNTs composites, the results showed that the thermal conductivity decreased after the incorporation of CNTs. The analysis revealed that the interfacial thermal resistance between the Cu matrix and CNTs plays a significant role in determining the thermal conductivity performances. Besides, the influences of porosity and distribution of CNTs also affected the thermal conductivity results. While for hardness and wear behaviour, the results showed that composite with 3%ACNTs exhibited a higher hardness value of 115.99 HV, 55.0% greater than the pure Cu resulting lower coefficient of friction (COF) which 41.0% lower in comparison with pure Cu and 23% lower compared to Cu/PCNTs. This study demonstrated that the properties of carbon nanotubes can be tailored by acid treatment process which can improved the properties of the composites.


Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
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Shaari @ Md Noh, Nor Shamimi
Subjects: T Technology > TN Mining engineering. Metallurgy > Metallurgy
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Programme: Master of Science (Mechanical Engineering)
Keywords: Thermal, Copper, Metallurgy
Date: 2017
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