An automated multimodal white matter hyperintensities identification in MRI brain images using image processing / Iza Sazanita Isa

Isa, Iza Sazanita (2018) An automated multimodal white matter hyperintensities identification in MRI brain images using image processing / Iza Sazanita Isa. PhD thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


White matter hyperintensities (WMH) are associated with cognitive impairment, risk of stroke and risk of dementia and a common finding in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images. Early detection of WMH is important for clinical analysis on effective prevention planning by medical authorities. WMH delineation on MRI images manually identified by experienced radiologists commonly uses visual score. However, the manual method is time-consuming, tedious, labour-intensive and intervariability. Recently, research on fully automated WMH identification that aims to overcome the problems of manual delineation has attracted a lot of attention. This research proposes a method for automatic detection of WMH in white matter (WM) tissue for MRI images. A multimodal image processing which combines segmentation and enhancement procedure is proposed to process different MRI image weighted which are T2-weighted imaging (T2-WI) and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR). Generally, the proposed automated identification system is divided into three stages namely first, second and third stages respectively. The first stage is preprocessing procedure that combines the thresholding and filtering algorithm for pre processing the MRI images while the second stage contains two phases of main processing techniques of enhancement and segmentation. This research proposes a new enhancement technique based on the Adaptive Histogram Equalization (AHE) method. Meanwhile, the segmentation phase utilizes the two-tier segmentation to segregate brain tissues into WM, GM, CSF and WMH. A new method to initialize the clustering centers was also proposed to improve the results of segmentation. The last stage is post processing where the integration process for mapping the potential WMH obtainable from the segmentation and enhancement stage is proposed to localize the most precise WMH. In parallel, the automated performance and manual delineation for WMH identification is validated to determine the degree of similarity between both the methods. In addition, this research also proposes to classify the WMH severity based on the features of segmented WMH. In the WMH classification stage, the research considered two types of WMH features of volume and intensities to classify the severity. Finally, a software system that utilized the best of above mentioned methods is proposed to perform the automated WMH detection. Overall, the software provides good ability in identifying and classifying various loads of WMH. The software managed to achieve high capability to automatically identify WMH loads as closed as the manually delineated WMH by radiologist with more than 70% correlation. The software also showed high sensitivity on detection WMH given by TPR and PPV of 77% and 75% respectively. These findings suggest the potential use of this software as aided tool for radiologist in detecting WMH, especially to predict patients with higher risk of several chronic diseases.


Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
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Isa, Iza Sazanita
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General) > Computer applications to medicine. Medical informatics
R Medicine > R Medicine (General) > Medical physics. Medical radiology. Nuclear medicine
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Electrical Engineering
Keywords: White matter hyperintensities , MRI, brain
Date: 2018
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