Improving the wrinkle resistance of cotton and rayon batiks / Diyana Aida Abdul Rahim

Abdul Rahim, Diyana Aida (2014) Improving the wrinkle resistance of cotton and rayon batiks / Diyana Aida Abdul Rahim. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


Malaysians are proud of their batik fabrics and products. Various promotional events
such as “Batik Crafted for the World” and “Piala Seri Endon” competition were
introduced to promote and enhance the popularity of batik. Batik designs are normally
applied on silk, cotton and rayon fabrics. However, the problem with cotton and rayon
batiks is that they wrinkle badly. In addition, the application of wrinkle free finishes
was not formulated specifically for batik fabric. Existing wrinkle free finishes have
very good effect on normal fabrics; however the applications of these finishes on batik
fabric are not effective. Newer formulations of the wrinkle free finish and the
application techniques for batik fabric were studied. The main purpose of this study is
to develop a formulation for cotton and rayon batiks to improve wrinkle resistance.
The formulation consists of wrinkle resistance agent, magnesium salt, acid and
The formulation was applied to cotton and rayon batik fabrics by using
padding mangle method and exhaustion method. The comparisons of the two different
application methods were analyzed by evaluating the handle properties which are
wrinkle recovery appearance, stiffness and wrinkle recovery angle. Both methods
indicated almost similar results for stiffness and wrinkle recovery angle testing.
However, for wrinkle recovery appearance testing, padding mangle method produced
better result. Further testing on the formaldehyde content and colourfastness to
washing were also implemented to assure that the fabrics are safe to the wearer and
the finishes that were applied to the fabrics did not bring down the colour of the
fabrics. The adoption of this unique technique will evidently improve the quality of
Malaysian batik.


Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
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Abdul Rahim, Diyana Aida
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Paints, pigments, varnishes, etc.
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Keywords: Cotton, Rayon, Wrinkle Resistance
Date: 2014
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