The effect of Tinospora crispa crude methanolic extract on hepatoma G2 cell line and wistar rats insulin resistance model / Mohd Nazri Abu

Abu, Mohd Nazri (2019) The effect of Tinospora crispa crude methanolic extract on hepatoma G2 cell line and wistar rats insulin resistance model / Mohd Nazri Abu. PhD thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


Sedentary and unhealthy lifestyles can contribute to the occurrence of metabolic diseases like insulin resistance (IR), diabetes, obesity and some types of cancer. Tinospora crispa is a significant herb in Malaysia, particularly in treating metabolic diseases have been addressed in many studies but the schematic of the signalling mechanism of both apoptosis and insulin resistance enhancement have not been revealed yet. Therefore, the aims of the study are to investigate the effect on insulin enhancement and apoptosis-related to the insulin resistance condition through in-vitro and in-vivo models. In-vitro analysis was performed using established insulin resistant liver cancer (IR-HepG2) cells model. The results exhibited a reduced glucose uptake in IR-HepG2 cells measured with radiolabeled 2-deoxyglucose (2DG) assay. Conversely, the reduction was reversible after treatments with T. crispa-CME in dose-dependent manner. T. crispa-crude methanolic extract (CME) restored the glucose uptake by upregulating the protein expression of InsR-P, GADPH, p-IRS and GLUT4. Simultaneously, the antiproliferative effect of T. crispa-CME was exhibited through apoptosis, thus inhibit the uncontrolled growth of IR-HepG2 by reducing the expression of IGF-1R and BCL-2. IGF-1R overexpression in IR-HepG2 impaired insulin-induced AKT phosphorylation thus inactivated glucose intake through GLUT4. In the meantime, apoptosis was induced via increment of pro-apoptosis protein expressions of Bad, caspases 8,-9 and -3. In-vivo analysis, Wistar rats was divided into four groups: a normal control (NC); high fat diet control (HFD); a T. crispa treatment group fed with high fat diet (HFDTC), and an Orlistat treatment group fed with high fat diet (HFDO). The respective groups were obesity-induced for eight weeks then administered with T. crispa crude extract into respective groups at a single dose of 2000mg/kg/b.w for continuously 28 days. The treatment with T. crispa had shown a significantly reduced body weight, blood glucose, adiposity index serum levels, liver enzymes, lipid, resistin, and leptin hormones. The hyperinsulinemia condition and C-peptide hormones restored to the normal stage. The histological examination of the liver treated with T. crispa crude extract did not show evidence of cells toxicity. T. crispa-CME has demonstrated insulin sensitivity enhancement by exhibiting an upregulation of InsR-/? protein, which restored the glucose uptake in IR-HepG2 cancer cell lines. IGF-1R protein was downregulated, consequently induced apoptosis in IR-HepG2 cells. Our finding suggested that T. crispa crude extract has shown potential to improve glucose metabolism and correct compensatory hyperinsulinemia in insulin resistant conditions obese-induced Wistar rats. Determining the T. crispa treatment mechanism of insulin resistance in obesity and cancer would provide insight into future discoveries to yield herbal therapeutic benefits.


Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Email / ID Num.
Abu, Mohd Nazri
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Physical and theoretical chemistry > Chemical elements
Q Science > QD Chemistry > Extraction (Chemistry)
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Health Sciences
Programme: HS990
Keywords: Tinospora crispa, Insulin, Hepatoma
Date: 2019
Edit Item
Edit Item


[thumbnail of 26422.pdf] Text

Download (177kB)

Digital Copy

Digital (fulltext) is available at:

Physical Copy

Physical status and holdings:
Item Status:

ID Number




Statistic details