Design of monolithic microwave integrated circuit filters using electromagnetic simulation / Ahmad Asari Sulaiman

Sulaiman, Ahmad Asari (2005) Design of monolithic microwave integrated circuit filters using electromagnetic simulation / Ahmad Asari Sulaiman. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


This thesis reports a research carried out to design monolithic microwave integrated
circuit (MMIC) low pass filters using circuit and electromagnetic simulations. The
filters were designed to be constructed on both Si and GaAs semiconductor wafers.
The principal objectives were to reduce both circuit size and spurious content.
Three types of designs are proposed here. The first is a Butterworth filter made of
commensurate stubs, while the second filter is of the m-derived type. Both filters are
realized using a single gold layer on the semiconductor substrate. The stub filter
exhibited filtering action with a cut-off frequency of 10 GHz. In the m-derived filter
design, the metal and substrate layers used were optimized with the aid of the
electromagnetic simulator to improve the steepness at the transition region. The filter
demonstrated a maximally flat passband with a cut-off frequency of 10 GHz and
passband and stopband insertion losses of 0.2 dB and greater than 20 dB
respectively. The overall size of the circuit was 1.296 × 1.6 mm2, smaller than filters
constructed from transmission lines designed by other workers. The filters used
standard materials compatible with MMIC technology.
The third filter uses a novel metal/polyimide/metal multilayer structure consisting of
buried coplanar waveguide and polyimide overlay. Two via holes were used to
connect the coplanar waveguide to a transmission line at the top. The structure and
the materials used are compatible with MMIC processing. Owing to the unique
multilayer architecture, the filter operates well without spurious in the passband and
stopband. The combination of several different materials in the structure also reduces
the size. The proposed filter has a cut-off frequency of 3 GHz and an area of 1.0 ×
0.7 mm2 while the stopband insertion and return losses were 20 dB and 25 dB
respectively. Optimum performance was obtained when the metal and polyimide
thicknesses were 5 μm each. A theoretical model to explain the new structure and
design methodology are discussed in detail.
To the author’s knowledge this project constitutes the first local work on multilayer
MMIC filter designed using electromagnetic simulation. Due to the fact that
electromagnetic signals tend to radiate into space at microwave frequencies, more
accurate designs were made possible using electromagnetic simulators in this work.
I would like to thank my supervisor Associate Professor Dr. Zaiki Awang of
Microwave Technology Centre (MTC), Universiti Teknologi MARA for his support
and encouragement through out the duration of my study. This work would not have
been possible without his guidance and input. I also would like to thank the
Postgraduate Coordinator Associate Professor Dr. Hj. Mohd Asri Hj. Mansor and the
Dean of the Faculty of Electrical Engineering for their advice and assistance during
the completion of this work.
My deepest and special thanks go to the Ministry Of Science, Technology and
Innovation (MOSTI) for the financial support. I would also like to thank all my
colleagues at the faculty and the staff of Microwave Technology Centre who have
assisted in numerous ways.
Finally I would like to express my sincere appreciation to my parents and my family,
especially to my wife and the children, for their support and encouragement during
the study.


Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Email / ID Num.
Sulaiman, Ahmad Asari
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics. Nuclear engineering > Electromagnetic fields
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics. Nuclear engineering > Electronics > Microwaves. Including microwave circuits
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Electrical Engineering
Programme: Master of Science
Keywords: Monolithic Microwave Integrated Circuit (MMIC), electromagnetic simulations, semiconductor
Date: 2005
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