Phytochemical study of curcuma longa rhizome / Wan Nurul Husna Wan Zaidi

Wan Zaidi, Wan Nurul Husna (2017) Phytochemical study of curcuma longa rhizome / Wan Nurul Husna Wan Zaidi. [Student Project] (Unpublished)

Abstract

This study emphasizes on the phytochemical constituent identification of Curcuma longa rhizome. The dried rhizome were extracted for 16 hours using Soxhlet
extractor with three different solvents of different polarity; hexane, chloroform and ethanol. The extracts obtained were evaporated by using rotary evaporator to obtain
pure crude extracts. Ethanol extract resulted in the highest percentage yield with 30.97 %. The best TLC profile for ethanol sample was hexane:ethyl acetate solvent
system at ratio 2.5:2.5 with the clearest separation. Chloroform and hexane extracts exhibited clear separation at the ratio 1.5:3.5. For phytochemical screening tests,
only terpenoid and phenol were detected in the ethanol extract. Chloroform extract exhibited positive result for both saponin and terpenoid tests. Hexane extract gave
positive results for the presence of saponin, glycoside, terpenoid and fatty acid. For antibacterial test by using disc diffusion method, Gram positive bacteria, B. subtilis
exhibited the largest inhibition zone while Gram negative bacteria, E. coli resulted in the smallest inhibition zone due to the thin but impermeable cell membrane. Ethanol extract exhibited the highest antibacterial activity compared to chloroform and hexane crudes.

Metadata

Item Type: Student Project
Creators:
Creators
Email / ID Num.
Wan Zaidi, Wan Nurul Husna
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Extraction (Chemistry)
Q Science > QK Botany > Plant ecology
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Negeri Sembilan > Kuala Pilah Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Keywords: Phytochemical, curcuma longa rhizome, UiTM Negeri Sembilan
Date: 2017
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/26270
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ID Number

26270

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