Hospitalization resulting from antidiabetic related hypoglycaemia / Sarina Anim Mohd Hidzir

Mohd Hidzir, Sarina Anim (2017) Hospitalization resulting from antidiabetic related hypoglycaemia / Sarina Anim Mohd Hidzir. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


AIM: To investigate prevalence and the risk factors of hospitalization resulting from antidiabetic related hypoglycemia in adult diabetic patients from 2010 to 2014 in Hospital Selayang. METHODS: This is a retrospective observational cohort study on 3770 adult hospitalized diabetic patients from the year 2010 to 2014 in Hospital Selayang. Medical records were reviewed for demographics, medical history, duration of diabetes, results of laboratory test and current diabetes therapy. Univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression were used to determine risk factors of severe hypoglycemia. RESULTS: The overall prevalence for severe hypoglycaemia was 22%. Patient experiencing severe hypoglycaemia are more likely older, women, have lower HbA1c, have more concomitant medication and have renal impairment. More patients are also followed up at government clinics compared to government hospitals or non-government hospitals or clinic. Patients are mostly taking oral antidiabetic combinations of metformin and sulphonylureas (all p<0.05). Multiple logistic regression showed that the risk of severe hypoglycaemia increased with older age, lower Hba1C and impaired renal function. (all p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Patients at risk for severe hypoglycaemia should have individualized diabetic treatment associated with less risk of hypoglycaemia and less stringent glycaemic targets. Patients at risk as well as family members or caregivers should also be given to education on the management of severe hypoglycaemia Keywords: severe hypoglycaemia, antidiabetic agents, oral hypoglycaemia, insulin therapy risk factors, Type 2 diabetes, Type 1 diabetes


Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
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Mohd Hidzir, Sarina Anim
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal Medicine > General special. Patient monitoring
R Medicine > RC Internal Medicine > Medical emergencies. Critical care. Intensive care. First aid
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Pharmacy
Keywords: Hospitalization; antidiabetic; hypoglycaemia
Date: 2017
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