Phytochemical screening and antibacterial activities of garcinia mangostana leaves / Nurul Athirah Mohd Razi

Mohd Razi, Nurul Athirah (2017) Phytochemical screening and antibacterial activities of garcinia mangostana leaves / Nurul Athirah Mohd Razi. [Student Project] (Unpublished)


Garcinia mangostana tree is the one of the family Clusiaceae (Guttiferae) that can be found in Thailand and other South East Asian countries. This Mangosteen (G. mangostana) is the one of the most best flavoured tropical fruits and it is so delicious, known as “queen of the fruits”. Since many researchers have done on the fruits and pericarp, people also must know the benefit of other part like leaves. In this study, the three different types of solvent extraction were used hexane, chloroform, and methanol by using maceration technique. The process of maceration technique took three days and was repeated three times for the different solvent. Then, the rotary evaporator was used to get the crude extract. The chloroform and methanol extracts showed high percentage yield extract. Then, the phytochemical screening was done to screen the variety of compounds contained such as alkaloids, flavonoid and more. The presence of compound can be identified through the change of the colour. The antibacterial activity can be identified by using Disc Diffusion method. As a result, the methanol showed the best and strongest inhibition zone on B. subtilis followed by S. aerus, E. coli and S. typhymurium compared to hexane and chloroform which form only small inhibition. It shows that the methanol crude extract show the potential of antibacterial activity.


Item Type: Student Project
Email / ID Num.
Mohd Razi, Nurul Athirah
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Q Science > QD Chemistry > Extraction (Chemistry)
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Negeri Sembilan > Kuala Pilah Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Keywords: Phytochemical screening, and antibacterial activities, of garcinia mangostana leaves, UiTM Negeri Sembilan
Date: 2017
Edit Item
Edit Item


[thumbnail of PPb_NURUL ATHIRAH MOHD RAZI  AS N 17_5.pdf] Text

Download (308kB)

Digital Copy

Digital (fulltext) is available at:

Physical Copy

Physical status and holdings:
Item Status:

ID Number




Statistic details