Exploring & bridging the gap in pharmaceutical care needs of diabetic patients: an action research approach / Daphne Gima

Gima, Daphne (2017) Exploring & bridging the gap in pharmaceutical care needs of diabetic patients: an action research approach / Daphne Gima. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Puncak Alam Selangor.


Type 2 diabetes mellitus remains a major health problem with a 20.8% prevalence in
Malaysia. 80.6% of patients diagnosed with diabetes receive treatment in public health
facilities which necessitated the expansion of roles of healthcare providers such as
pharmacists into specialized diabetes care. Diabetes Medication Therapy Adherence Clinic
(DMTAC) is a service run by pharmacists for diabetes medication therapy management and
is available in most government health facilities. This was a qualitative study which used the
action research approach to identify gaps and feasible improvements in the DMTAC service
of Hospital Putrajaya, which is an endocrine centre. Data was collected from semi-structured
interviews and field observations. This study found that the DMTAC service is appreciated
by patients particularly due to the good rapport with pharmacists and is beneficial as a
platform for diabetes education and discussion. However, the DMTAC service also has issues
of unoptimized work flow as well as lack of visibility and utility. As a diabetes care model in
general, the hospital lacks interprofessional collaboration among different diabetes care
providers. Patients were also found to have issues with lack of self-care, which can be
improved by better patient-provider communication to enhance behaviour modification.
While some improvements can be made by the DMTAC pharmacists team alone, such as
institution of a full time DMTAC pharmacist, some of the more critical barriers relate to the
health care system and requires multidisciplinary collaboration towards a better diabetes care


Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Email / ID Num.
Gima, Daphne
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal Medicine > Diabetes Mellitus
R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica > Materia medica
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Pharmacy
Keywords: Diabetes, medication therapy adherence clinic, medication therapy management
Date: 2017
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/25931
Edit Item
Edit Item


[thumbnail of TM_DAPHNE GIMA PH 17_5.pdf] Text

Download (495kB)

Digital Copy

Digital (fulltext) is available at:

Physical Copy

Physical status and holdings:
Item Status:

ID Number




Statistic details