Efficacy and safety of warfarin in geriatric patient with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation in Hospital Tuanku Ja’afar Seremban / Aslina Ashaari

Ashaari, Aslina (2017) Efficacy and safety of warfarin in geriatric patient with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation in Hospital Tuanku Ja’afar Seremban / Aslina Ashaari. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Puncak Alam Selangor.


Nonvalvular atrial fibrillation patients need long-term oral anticoagulant such
as warfarin. Warfarin has a narrow therapeutic index, high potential for
interaction with food and drugs and can cause bleeding. Geriatric patients are at
risk of bleeding. In this study, the efficacy and safety of warfarin and their
relationship with other factors have been studied in geriatric of warfarin clinic.
There were 84 patients met the inclusion criteria. Patient's data were retrieved
from the hospital medical record, medication therapy adherence clinic form, and
hospital computerized system named "Sistem Pengurusan Pesakit" Warfarin
therapy is normally presented with the fluctuation of TTR values. TTR values
were calculated by Rosendaal and Traditional methods. Data descriptive in this
study presented with mean, frequency and percentage when appropriate.
Statistical analysis tests used were chi-square, t-test, ANOVA, correlation and
regression when appropriate with p-value <0.025 (2 tails) is considered
significant. Efficacy is defined as good when TTR>65% and the safety
assessment defined as INR>3 which related risk of bleeding. The result showed,
in term of efficacy, only 44% achieved TTR >65%.The mean TTR for the one
year period was 60.1% ±19.6% (Rosendaal method) and 51.9% ±18.6%
(Traditional method). In term of safety, from 1073 INR readings, INR>3 was
17.39% of total INR. There were 8 patients admitted due to over warfarinization
which representing 9.4% of total admissions with mean INR 5.4 ± 1.58 while
mean weekly dosing was 13.6 mg and mean TTR was 50.6%. There were three
predictors of efficacy, number of missed dose, number of concurrent medication
and number of visited warfarin clinic (p-value<0.025). In conclusion, a majority
of geriatric patients were not achieved efficacy, and a few of them had a risk of
bleeding. Thus, in order to increase majority of geriatric patients achieved
efficacy and safety of warfarin therapy, more efforts and appropriate strategies
are needed.


Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Email / ID Num.
Ashaari, Aslina
Subjects: R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica > Materia medica
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Pharmacy
Keywords: Geriatric patients, warfarin clinic, efficacy, safety and bleeding.
Date: 2017
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/25929
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