Cellulose from oil palm as a filler in plastic composite / Nurhidayah Ibrahim

Ibrahim, Nurhidayah (2019) Cellulose from oil palm as a filler in plastic composite / Nurhidayah Ibrahim. [Student Project] (Unpublished)


The wastes from palm oil industry contribute to environmental harm because of the
inappropriate disposable method. The objectives of this work were to study about
potential waste of cellulose from palm oil as filler in the plastic composite and to
determine physically and chemically test of cellulose as filler in the plastic
composite. The types of filler used in the plastic composite are the cellulose from
palm oil frond that obtained from UiTM Jengka. Four filler loadings were 5%, 10%,
15% and 20% of cellulose. The blending of cellulose and polypropylene took place
in dispersion mixer for 15 minutes at 180°C before hot pressed and cold pressed.
The FTIR result show the present of cellulose in the spectrum. Tensile strength
MOR trend was decreased and MOE trend are increased. From MOR result, the 5%
of cellulose as a filler in plastic composite had the highest strength compare to the
others. The 20% filler produce greater tensile MOE value. The Highest MOE value
indicate the sample tend to be more brittle.


Item Type: Student Project
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Ibrahim, Nurhidayah
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > Environmental effects of industries and plants
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Oils, fats, and waxes > Palm oil
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pahang > Jengka Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Programme: Bachelor of Science (Hons.) Chemistry
Keywords: Cellulose, Oil palm, Filler, Plastic composite, Potential waste
Date: 2019
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/25454
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