Environmental enrichments of captive Malayan Sun Bear (helarctos malayanus) / Nur Adibah Nadia Salihan

Salihan, Nur Adibah Nadia (2016) Environmental enrichments of captive Malayan Sun Bear (helarctos malayanus) / Nur Adibah Nadia Salihan. [Student Project] (Unpublished)


Environmental enrichment is needed for every captive animal. Not only it is beneficial for the animal’s welfare but it also brings out the species-typical behaviour for that animal. Enrichment works on improving the state and condition of the animal. Environmental enrichment consists of novel objects, feeding enrichment and olfactory enrichment were used in this study. Sun bear is the smallest bear and one of the least studied animals in the world. Bear Complex of Zoo Negara Malaysia kept the Sun bear in captivity and the observation shows little movement of the bear. The value of studying the behaviour of this animal can add the information on how the bears behave in captivity and how it influences the behaviour of this animal. By introducing all three enrichments to the bears, the active behaviour was increased by 12.7% and 15.6%. Stereotypic (stress related behaviour) and inactive behaviour were seen decreasing, 8.8% and 7.3% followed by 8.1% and 4.9% respectively for both bears. Furthermore the interest of the bears was drawn towards novel objects
probably as it never encounters such object before. Between the three enrichments, at least one mean value is different which means there is difference in average time for physical contact with enrichment. This can be proven with the existence of ANOVA value F(2,33) = 70.4, p < 0.000). The investigatory behaviour and exploratory
behaviour displayed by the bears after the enrichment and the time spent on playing was increased.


Item Type: Student Project
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Salihan, Nur Adibah Nadia
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history - Biology > Natural History Including nature conservation, geographical distribution
Q Science > QH Natural history - Biology > Biology > Study and teaching. Research
Q Science > QR Microbiology
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Negeri Sembilan > Kuala Pilah Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Keywords: Environmental, enrichments of captive, Malayan Sun Bear (helarctos malayanus), UiTM Negeri Sembilan
Date: 2016
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/24529
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