Assessing impact of [DEM] resolution on flood inundation mapping / Ahmad Ikhwan Abdul Halim

Abdul Halim, Ahmad Ikhwan (2019) Assessing impact of [DEM] resolution on flood inundation mapping / Ahmad Ikhwan Abdul Halim. Degree thesis, Universiti Teknologi Mara Perlis.


DEMs can be derived from several sources either through remote sensing technique
(space-home or air-borne survey) or from traditional methods (ground survey). DEMs
are characterized by different precision and accuracy based DEM resolution. The use
of different resolution of DEM are obviously effect the result of flood inundation
models. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to carry out the impact of flood depth and
water extent using original and resample DEM resolution of low-medium resolution
(IFSAR DEM) and low resolution (SRTM DEM). From DEMs, four hydraulic data
were extracted cross-section of a 3.5 km reach of the Padang Terap River in Kedah,
Malaysia. The effect of different source of DEMs (and different resolution) and
different cross-section interval was investigate by considering the performance of the
hydraulic models in simulation flood water depth as well inundation maps by using one
dimensional (1-D) HEC-RAS model. TerraSAR-X image and flood marks had been
used to validate the result of inundated area and flood depths. The outcomes of this
study show that, the use of different DEMs has serious implications to the result of
hydraulic models. The outcomes also indicated that IFSAR DEM show better
prediction in inundated area with value of F-statistic are increase 1.0 from 70% to 71%
but not in flood depth with the value of MAE are slightly increase went resampling
been made and for SRTM show loss of model accuracy due to resampling with the Fstatistic
of flood extend are decrease drastically with highest value different are 2.0 at
cross-section 5 from 26.4 to 24.2 and the highest value different are 0.2 at cross-section
5 from 0.877 to 1.114 of MAE for flood depth. Moreover, the result for cross-section
not give significant impact for flood extent but for flood depth it show that result are
quite high different. Cross-section 50 m extract from IFSAR DEM show significantly
presented good agreement between measure and predicted of water extend, water depth
and water expansion with the value of F-statistic are 70.56%, value of MAE for water
depth are 0.220 and value of RMSE for water expansion are 109.046 while the worse
are at cross-section 100 with the value of F-statistic are 68.35%, value of MAE are for
flood depth are 0.240 and value of RMSE are 158.355. While, for SRTM it show that
cross-section are the best cross-section for flood modelling with the value of F-statistc
are 26.40%, value of MAE for flood depth are 0.878 and value of RMSE for flood
extension are 194.042 while the worse are cross-section 150 with the value of F-statistic
are 23.59%, value of MAE for flood depth are 1.401 and value of RMSE for flood
expansion are 216.049. By proposing the methodology, flood mapping can be provided
accurately by considering the error exist in GIS spatial context.


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