Identification of plant as bioindicator of soil pollution / Norafifah Ramli

Ramli, Norafifah (2017) Identification of plant as bioindicator of soil pollution / Norafifah Ramli. [Student Project] (Unpublished)


Soil pollution can be caused by many factors, but the main contributor to this
problem is man-made waste. This research project is very important as it gives
information to people about contaminated soil in UiTM Pahang and the effect of soil
pollution to plants. In this research, three main soil samples were taken from three
different places in UiTM Pahang which are Agriculture UiTM, dumping site of solid
waste UiTM Pahang and Kern Sri Gading UiTM Pahang to measure of soil quality,
identifying the growth performance and observing of mitosis of plant tissue of Zea
mays and Allium cepa to soil pollution. Soil physical was investigated to carry out the
factor that contributes to soil contamination. Parameter that was studied in this
experiment are pH and water content. Agriculture UiTM Pahang recorded the lowest
pH with 5.34 while Kern Sri Gading UiTM Pahang recorded the highest pH with
6.31. Soil water content for Kern Sri Gading UiTM was the highest with 42.24%,
followed by agricultural site UiTM with 37.88% The morphological study in this
study is about the color of the leaf, type of root and height of the plant. The best soil
are Kern Sri Gading because the color of leaf remains green and not affect the growth
performance of the plant. The types of root of A. cepa and Z. mays are fibrous roots.
The cytological study of the root cell of Zea mays and Allium cepa are determined by
the characteristic of the chromosome. The staining with iodine blue is more visible
compared to methylene blue. From this experiment, the karyotype studies are not
complete because the chromosome number and the chromosome structure are not
sharply visible.


Item Type: Student Project
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Ramli, Norafifah
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > Special types of environment. Including soil pollution, air pollution, noise pollution
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pahang > Jengka Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Keywords: Soil pollution, Soil quality, Man-made waste, UiTM Pahang, Kem Sri Gading UiTM Pahang
Date: 2017
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