The effect of deregulation on the performance of truck carriers in Malaysia / Mior Mohd Hafizh Mior Hamzah

Mior Hamzah, Mior Mohd Hafizh (2015) The effect of deregulation on the performance of truck carriers in Malaysia / Mior Mohd Hafizh Mior Hamzah. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

Abstract

According to Malaysia's hauliers, freight forwarders, there were trucking regulations in Malaysia that were believed to be stifling carriers' operations. Examples were regulations that demanded a low minimum driver's age, the enforcement of road bans on trucks on certain highways, the prohibition of backhauling, and the use of high-tech vehicles. A trucking association claimed that certain regulations were lagging behind the technological developments that took place in the industry. For example, the authorities prohibited the use of new types of trucks such as multi-trailers, multi-axle trailers, and double trailers because the road infrastructure in the country could not accommodate them although the condition of highways had been improved to bear heavy trucks. The old truck weight limit of 44 tonnes was still in force for the same reason. Mentzer and Gomes (1993) stated that deregulations in the U.S.A. only concerned the loosening of government restrictions on economic factors, which included the setting of rates, entry to a trucking business, vehicle routing, commodities handled, and areas served. The government's power to enforce safety regulations on the condition of equipments, transportation of hazardous materials, and exhaust emissions, among others, had not been diminished (Rose, 1988). A questionnaire survey of 257 carriers was conducted to collect data on freight type, trucking services, deregulation, essential regulations, and regulatory enforcement of trucking operations in Malaysia. A factor analysis on regulation items that carriers thought were constraining their operations had extracted five distinct deregulation factors (those regulations that needed to be unregulated), namely, route regulation, materials handling regulation, regulatory control (operations), regulatory control (restrictions), and vehicle specification. There was a relationship between deregulation and essential regulations toward carriers' overall performance. Also trucking enforcement moderated the deregulation-performance and essential regulations-performance relationships.

Metadata

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Creators:
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Mior Hamzah, Mior Mohd Hafizh
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Subjects: H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Malaysia Institute of Transport (MITRANS)
Keywords: Deregulation; Performance; truck carriers
Date: 2015
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/21618
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