Performance of porous asphalt with nanosilica modified asphalt binder / Khairil Azman Masri

Masri, Khairil Azman (2018) Performance of porous asphalt with nanosilica modified asphalt binder / Khairil Azman Masri. In: The Doctoral Research Abstracts. IPSis Biannual Publication, 13 (13). Institute of Graduate Studies, UiTM, Shah Alam.


Porous asphalt (PA) is a flexible pavement layer with high interconnected air voids and constructed using open-graded aggregates. Due to high temperature environment and increased traffic volume in Malaysia, PA may have deficiencies particularly in rutting and stiffness of the mix. A possible way to improve these deficiencies is to improve the asphalt binder used. Binder is normally modified using polymer materials to improve its properties. However, nanotechnology presently is being gradually used for asphalt modification. Nanosilica (NS), a by product of rice husk and palm oil fuel ash was used as additive in this study. The aim of this study was to enhance the rutting resistance and stiffness performance of PA using NS. This study focused on the performance of PA with NS-modified binder (NS-MB) to produce better and more durable PA. The involved experimental work which was divided into three phases. Asphalt binder evaluation and performance of the NS-PA mixture was carried out in the first and second phase. Physical tests using Penetration, Softening Point, Ductility, Storage Stability and Rotational Viscosity showed that NS modified binder (NS-MB) can resist high temperature susceptibility. Rheological test using Dynamic Shear Rheometer also showed that NSMB was capable in enhancing its performance under various temperatures and stresses. Morphological test using Atomic Force Microscopy, Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-ray Diffraction showed that NS was dispersed well in the asphalt binder. Chemical properties using Fourier Transform Infrared analysis showed that NS-MB was capable in reducing the oxidation process (ageing) of asphalt binder. Mechanical properties tests such as Permeameter, Cantabro Loss, Binder Draindown, Resilient Modulus, Indirect Tensile Strength, Dynamic Creep, Dynamic Modulus and Wheel Tracking showed that NS was capable in enhancing the abrasion resistance, binder draindown resistance, stripping resistance, stiffness and rutting resistance of PA. Based on these results of these phases, the addition of NS is capable in enhancing the overall performance of PA. Then, three statistical models were developed in phase three of this study to evaluate the performance of PA in terms of rutting and dynamic modulus. The first model relates the rut depth of PA with rutting parameters of asphalt binder. Then, the second model relates dynamic modulus of PA with temperature, frequency, amount of NS and nominal maximum aggregate size. The last model relates dynamic modulus of PA with rutting parameters of asphalt binder. It is recommended that a study is carried out in the future to evaluate and verify the field performance of NSPA mix in flexible pavement.


Item Type: Book Section
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Masri, Khairil Azman
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Physical and theoretical chemistry
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Institut Pengajian Siswazah (IPSis) : Institute of Graduate Studies (IGS)
Series Name: IPSis Biannual Publication
Volume: 13
Number: 13
Keywords: Abstract; Abstract of thesis; Newsletter; Research information; Doctoral graduates; IPSis; IGS; UiTM; Porous asphalt
Date: 2018
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