Nanoparticles-in-beads made of alginate and chitosan derivatives as oral insulin carrier / Mulham Alfatama

Alfatama, Mulham (2018) Nanoparticles-in-beads made of alginate and chitosan derivatives as oral insulin carrier / Mulham Alfatama. In: The Doctoral Research Abstracts. IGS Biannual Publication, 18 (18). Institute of Graduate Studies, UiTM, Shah Alam.


This project aimed to design nanoparticles-in-beads made of alginate, chitosan and their derivatives as oral insulin carrier. In the first part of the study, the calcium alginate beads were prepared using the vibratory nozzle extrusion microencapsulation technique through concurrent core and coat formation with chlorpheniramine maleate as a model drug. These beads were coated with chitosan/chitosan-oleic acid conjugate of which the latter was synthesized via covalent reaction. The formability of beads was optimized through varying alginate solution concentration, alginate/chitosan solution flow rate and nozzle vibrational frequency. The size, shape, morphology, swelling, erosion, water uptake, drug content, drug release and matrix molecular profiles of beads were characterized. Spherical discrete coated beads were produced through critical interplay of nozzle vibrational frequency and polymeric solution flow rate. The conjugate-coated beads had their swelling and water uptake tendency negated through the introduction of tripolyphosphate ions as a crosslinking agent to attract the conjugate to the alginate core interface for coacervation to take place. The drug release propensity of tripolyphosphate-crosslinked, chitosan-oleic acid conjugate-coated beads was unexpectedly higher than the uncoated beads. This was attributed to reduced drug-alginate interaction as a result of alginate coacervating with chitosan-oleic acid conjugate and loss of calcium alginate crosslinkage to tripolyphosphate species. In the second part of the study, nanoparticles of simple calcium alginate, calcium alginatestearic acid, and calcium alginate-C18 conjugate were prepared by nanospray drying technique…


Item Type: Book Section
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Alfatama, Mulham
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history - Biology > Bioactive compounds
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Institut Pengajian Siswazah (IPSis) : Institute of Graduate Studies (IGS)
Series Name: IGS Biannual Publication
Volume: 18
Number: 18
Keywords: Abstract; Abstract of thesis; Newsletter; Research information; Doctoral graduates; IPSis; IGS; UiTM; Alginate; Chitosan
Date: 2018
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