Courtyard as a passive cooling design strategy in Malaysian linked houses / Mohd Riza Ismail

Ismail, Mohd Riza (2016) Courtyard as a passive cooling design strategy in Malaysian linked houses / Mohd Riza Ismail. PhD thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


Sixty percent of Malaysians prefer to stay in linked houses for reasons of location, space and aesthetic. Most of these houses are installed with mechanical cooling and air circulating fans for thermal comfort instead of a more passive means. There are less demand for courtyard linked houses although the courtyard could hypothetically to be the answer for a passive cooling design strategy. Hence, the aim of this research is to explore the possibilities of enhancing indoor thermal comfort condition by determining the effectiveness of courtyard as a passive cooling building element. The objectives of this thesis are: i) to study the types of courtyard configuration in existing linked houses; ii) to investigate the environmental condition of the courtyard and its effect to the indoor thermal comfort; iii) to explore the importance of courtyard configuration in providing good natural ventilation and iv) to determine the best courtyard configuration that create best indoor thermal comfort of a linked house. This study investigated two similar urban linked houses (with and without internal courtyard) in terms of size and specifications in Shah Alam and Klang. Data based on two days of measurements and observations at both houses for outdoor, indoor temperature, relative humidity and air velocity revealed that the indoor thermal conditions for both houses exceeded the thermal comfort zone recommended by Givoni's Bio-Climatic chart and ASHRAE. However, through comparative analysis, the house with internal centre courtyard produced better results and maintained a more comfortable indoor condition due to its horizontal and vertical natural cross ventilation which occurred during the day time and night time. Further predictive investigations on the courtyard linked house, based on CFD simulations using Flovent 7.2 and AnSys were conducted. Three variations of design models were studied namely enlarged courtyard area, increased courtyard walls height and enlarged openings at the front and rear. Diurnal simulations concluded that the increased of courtyard surrounding wall height and enlarged openings at front and rear options were the most effective, whereas the enlarged courtyard area (footprint) type were less effective, regardless of which operation mode were applied. Hence, linked houses with courtyards are proven to be beneficial to the occupants by providing passive cooling through natural ventilation.


Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
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Ismail, Mohd Riza
Subjects: N Fine Arts > NA Architecture > Architectural drawing and design
N Fine Arts > NA Architecture > Architectural decoration
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying
Keywords: Interior architecture; Interior design; Courtyard
Date: 2016
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