Analyzing the production activity of banking institutions in Libya: productivity and efficiency determinants / Khalad M. S. Alrafadi

M. S. Alrafadi, Khalad (2016) Analyzing the production activity of banking institutions in Libya: productivity and efficiency determinants / Khalad M. S. Alrafadi. PhD thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


Measurements of banking efficiency and productivity have received increasing efforts in applied economics in recent years due to the rapid acceleration of changing nature of financial industry. The financial sector, especially the banking system, plays a central role in the process of economic development and growth in a specific country. The efficiency of the banking system is one of the most important issues in the financial market because the efficiency of banks could affect the stability of the banking industry and thus the effectiveness of the whole monetary system in a country. Bank's efficiency is measured as the difference between the bank's position and its best production frontier. Generally, there are two main techniques that would be used to evaluate banking efficiency: parametric and non-parametric techniques. This study analyzed the technical efficiency and productivity of the banking sector inLibya during the period from 2004 until 2010. A nonparametric data envelopment analysis (DEA) method is employed to estimate the mutually exhaustive components namely pure technical efficiency (PTE) and scale efficiency (SE) of the 17 banks in Libya. Also, the Total Factor Productivity (TFP) of the Libyan banks is calculated using the Malmquist Productivity Index (MPI). The decomposition of the MPI such as technical change, efficiency change, pure technical efficiency change and scale efficiency change were included in the measurement. Finally, the second stage is used. The Ordinary Least Square (OLS) model to determine the factors that could influence the efficiency score. The findings of the first stage indicated an average efficiency scores in the banking sector in Libya during the periods of study. The results showed that the most efficient banks were the specialized banks, followed by commercial banks and lastly the private banks. In term of productivity, the results showed that Libyan banks productivity declined during the period of study. As for the determining factors that influencing the efficiency scores of the Libyan banks, the results showed that only profitability, size operation, government link, mergers and ownership structure that have significant relationship with the Libyan banks' efficiency scores.


Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
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M. S. Alrafadi, Khalad
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Business and Management
Keywords: Production activity; Banking institutions; Banking efficiency
Date: 2016
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