Development of EPDM-based high GCC loading weatherstrip seal vulcanizates / Fatimah Zuber

Zuber, Fatimah (2015) Development of EPDM-based high GCC loading weatherstrip seal vulcanizates / Fatimah Zuber. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


Development of low cost products with similar or better properties is vital to its sustainability in the competitive global market. This research embarks on compositional analysis of the hard part of a weatherstrip seal product that surpassed customer's specification and development of a new formulation which incorporated ground calcium carbonate (GCC) as a secondary filler for cost reduction. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of the conformable rubber product were carried out using soxhlet extraction for extraction of the additives; and characterization techniques which include spectroscopic, chromatographic, X-ray diffraction and several thermal techniques. Test pieces from 8 new formulations were tested for their mechanical performance. Thermal analysis confirmed the presence of EPDM and carbon black in the compound. Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) and chromatographic analysis confirmed the processing oil in the compound to be of paraffinic origin. Presence of talc filler was proven by elemental analysis using X-ray Diffraction (XRD) and Energy Dispersive X-ray (EDX). Reformulation of the compounding ingredient with the incorporation of GCC were varied from 0 to 140 phr. At higher loading of GCC (40 to 140 phr), it shows an increase of hardness with the decrease of tensile strength, elongation at break and tear strength. Nevertheless, the mechanical properties of the new formulated vulcanizates (40 to 140 phr) were varied within customer's specification. It was also determined that the minimum amount of EPDM and CB allowed for significant contribution to the tensile and tear strength properties are 28.2 % each (equiv. to 100 phr GCC). Beyond this composition the effect is diluted by GCC. Estimation of product cost shows that an overall material cost reduction of 23.9 % are achievable at 35.5 wt % incorporation of GCC to the compound.


Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
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Zuber, Fatimah
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Keywords: EPDM-based; Weatherstrip seal; Vulcanizates
Date: 2015
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