Development of porous TI-6AL-4V mix with palm stearin binder by metal injection moulding technique / Mohamad Ikhwan Jamaludin

Jamaludin, Mohamad Ikhwan (2015) Development of porous TI-6AL-4V mix with palm stearin binder by metal injection moulding technique / Mohamad Ikhwan Jamaludin. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


Metal Injection Moulding (MIM) is a promising approach to produce a near net-shape product of intricate geometry with cost-effective production. To date, numerous studies have been done on implementing MIM to manufacture products for biomedical applications by employing Titanium and its alloy as a main subject. Titanium and its alloys are renowned materials with their biocompatibility, good mechanical properties and high corrosion resistance. This study was aimed to fabricate porous Ti-6A1-4V structure through MIM technique using palm stearin (PS) binder system. Titanium alloy powder (Ti-6A1-4V) was used to mix with sodium chloride (NaCl) as a space holder and binder components that consists of palm stearin (PS) as a primary binder and polyethylene (PE) as a backbone binder. Four different powder loadings were prepared in this study; 63, 64, 65 and 66 vol.% based on critical powder volume percentage (CPVP) experiment. The homogeneity and flowability of the feedstock were evaluated via torque rheometry data, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observation and rheological characterization. Then, all feedstocks were injected in a cylindrical bar and tensile bar mould except 66 vol.% feedstock due to unstable rheological behaviour. All moulded specimens were then immersed in heptane and distilled water to remove PS and NaCl respectively. Thermal debinding process took place to remove PE in a high vacuum furnace before it was immediately sintered in the same atmosphere. Temperature of thermal debinding and sintering was set to 510°C and 1200°C where heating rate of thermal debinding and sintering was set to 0.5°C/min and 10°C/min respectively with 1 hour of soaking time. All tensile bar specimens were successfully sintered. However, sintering of cylindrical bar mould specimens was unsuccessful due to inappropriate sample geometry and inhomogeneity of moulded specimens. The characterization of physical properties,mechanical properties and microstructure of the as-sintered parts was performed The average porosity percentage for 63, 64 and 65 vol.% was 43.18, 37.02 and 35.15% and most of the pores were interconnected each other. As expected, high powder loading specimens (65 vol.%) has higher viscosity, strength, density and hardness compared to low powder loading specimens (64 vol.% and 63 vol.%). The elastic modulus of compressive strength and tensile strength for 65 vol.% specimens was 3.362 ± 2.62 GPa and 9.35 ± 2.62 GPa respectively. The (a+P) phase was observed under optical microscope for all sintered specimens has verified that the as-sintered specimens have similar phase with Ti-6A1-4V phase. Overall, porous Ti-6A1-4V structure was successfully fabricated via MIM technique using PS as the binder system and NaCl as the space holder.


Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
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Jamaludin, Mohamad Ikhwan
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > Control engineering systems. Automatic machinery (General)
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Programme: Master of Science (Material Science) - EM 750
Keywords: Porous TI-6AL-4V; Metal injection moulding technique
Date: 2015
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