Language classroom anxiety: a study of Malaysian and Chinese ESL university learners / Voviana Zulkifli

Zulkifli, Voviana (2006) Language classroom anxiety: a study of Malaysian and Chinese ESL university learners / Voviana Zulkifli. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


Malaysia has taken the decision to use English as a medium of instruction at university level beginning in 2002 and much debate has surfaced since then. English has also increased in importance in the People’s Republic of China (PRC) since the nation joined the World Trade Organization (WTO) and implemented an Open Door Policy. This study investigates and compares perceived second language anxiety and attempts to identify whether there are any significant differences in the level of anxiety of male and female ESL university students at Stamford College, Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia, from the PRC and Malaysia. It also attempts to identify the factors that could contribute to language classroom anxiety. Although the study did not control for factors that may influence language apprehension, the results suggest that nearly half of the total number of respondents are anxious about learning the English language. English Language Classroom Anxiety Scale (ELCAS) with 32 items was constructed and used for the purpose of the study which was adapted and adopted from Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety Scale (FLCAS) of Horwitz et. al. 33 items (1986). Findings show that gender is of slight significance but nationality is an important variable in identifying the anxiety level with the various factors that may contribute to English language classroom anxiety.


Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Email / ID Num.
Zulkifli, Voviana
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Holmes, Richard J. (Dr.)
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > Higher Education > Institutions of higher education > College teaching > Developmental studies programs. Remedial teaching
P Language and Literature > PL Languages and literatures of Eastern Asia, Africa, Oceania > Malay language. General works. History
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Education
Programme: Master of Education (TESL)
Keywords: Second language anxiety; People’s Republic of China (PRC); English language classroom anxiety.
Date: October 2006
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