Leadership styles of middle managers in secondary schools / Haryati Basran

Basran, Haryati (2013) Leadership styles of middle managers in secondary schools / Haryati Basran. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

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Abstract

Investigation into leadership styles is a widely debated and researched issue in the
educational context. Nevertheless there is scant empirical research on leadership styles of
middle managers in secondary school. Therefore, this study was conducted with the aim to
identify the leadership styles of school middle managers in secondary school in the district of
Sabak Bemam. The descriptive study comprised 125 teachers (here after refers as middle
managers) from five secondary schools in Sabak Bemam district were randomly selected.
The study employed a mixed method research design where data were collected via
questionnaire survey and in- depth semi- structured interviews. The questionnaire used was
the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ), adapted from Bass & Avolio (1992). A
total of ten respondents were randomly selected from five secondary schools in the interview
session. The quantitative data were analysed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences
(SPSS) 17.00 version while the qualitative data were analysed deductively and inductively
based on the research questions posed in this study. In order to see the types of leadership
styles by middle managers in secondary schools, a frequency, percent, mean, standard
deviation and T- test were used to test the data. The main findings of the study show that
Transactional leadership style was the most preferred leadership style among school middle
managers. Then it is followed by Transformational leadership style and Laissez- faire
leadership style. Findings also indicated that there were no significant differences in
leadership styles between male and female school middle managers in secondary schools.
The analysis also revealed that there was no significant difference in leadership styles
between novice and experienced school middle managers. Nevertheless, the findings revealed
that there was a significant difference in the mean score for Laissez- faire leadership style
between novice and experienced school middle managers. The findings imply that
educational leaders especially middle managers need to be aware on their leadership styles as
it is help to leader to build a good relation with the followers and retain a productive
workforce. The overview of the evidence and findings of the study are used for some
suggestions and recommendations for the future research.

Metadata

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Creators:
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Basran, Haryati
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > Secondary education. High school teaching
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > School administration and organization > Personnel management > Administrative personnel
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Education
Item ID: 14922
Uncontrolled Keywords: Leadership styles; Middle manager; Transformational leadership; Transactional leadership; Laissez- faire leadership
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/14922

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