The study of structural effect on export competitiveness in Malaysian electrical and electronic (E&E) sector / Haslina Che Yaacob, Dr. Nik Maheran Nik Muhammad and Zurina Ismail

Che Yaacob, Haslina and Nik Muhammad, Nik Maheran and Ismail, Zurina (2007) The study of structural effect on export competitiveness in Malaysian electrical and electronic (E&E) sector / Haslina Che Yaacob, Dr. Nik Maheran Nik Muhammad and Zurina Ismail. [Research Reports] (Submitted)

Abstract

Malaysia is among the world's top 20 trading nations. This is due to the structural
change in the Malaysian economy that turned the country from an exporter of primary
commodities into an exporter of high value-added manufactured products. In
Malaysia, E&E forged a strong foundation over the 1 ast 3 decades, which provides
new opportunities for such investments. This study analyses the structural effect on
export competitiveness of Malaysian E&E products focusing on semiconductor (SITC
776), Telecommunication product (SITC 764), Electrical machinery, Apparatus, Part
and necessary (SITC 772), Printed Circuit Board (SITC 759) and Disk drives, printers
and PCs (SITC 752). Furthermore, the study uses the Constant market share (CMS)
and revealed comparative advantage (RCA) framework to analyze the extent of the
export competition between Malaysia and other competitor economies. Overall, CMS
result shows that in the first sub-period (1990-1994), Malaysia E&E export was
competitive in the four markets studied, namely USA, Singapore, Japan and Hong
Kong. However, in the second and third period, CMS result shows that Malaysia E&E
export increased but not due to market competitiveness but due to the structural effect
- that is due to an increased in the world import. In terms of export performance ratio,
RCA results show that, Malaysia E&E product only performed was highly in the US
market for almost all SITC. Indonesia has concurred the Singapore market and Hong
Kong was concurred by China. However, Malaysia E&E export to the world generally
has comparative advantage over other competitors namely Indonesia, Thailand and
China. The study also revealed that Malaysia has higher export capacity to other
countries besides USA, Singapore, Japan and Hong Kong. Therefore the argument
saying that China will intensify the competitiveness of Malaysian E&E market is
questionable since the study cannot reveal the comparative advantage hold by China.
The study found that China only dominated the Hong Kong Market for almost all
SITC studied.

Metadata

Item Type: Research Reports
Creators:
Creators
Email / ID Num.
Che Yaacob, Haslina
UNSPECIFIED
Nik Muhammad, Nik Maheran
UNSPECIFIED
Ismail, Zurina
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HF Commerce > International economic relations
Divisions:
Keywords: Trading; Export; Electrical and electronic (E&E) sector
Date: 2007
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/1467
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