Sympodial orchid water stress detection via stem / Mohd Khairi Nordin

Nordin, Mohd Khairi (2014) Sympodial orchid water stress detection via stem / Mohd Khairi Nordin. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


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The measurements of stems play an important indicator for plants’ water status. Many researches have been done in terrestrial plants to investigate the stems’ variation responses that inspired to develop a precise irrigation system. Hence, the works presented in this thesis were the investigations of the stems’ variations in epiphyte plants which were sympodial orchids using PIC based instrumentation sensors. A strain gauge was used as a sensor to measure the orchid’s stem variation for a duration of 25th October 2012 until 27th November 2012 and from the 3rd December 2012 until 19th December 2012. The other sensors were used for humidity, temperature and light measurement integrated with PIC instrumentation circuit. The Dendrobium orchid that grew from tissue culture was chosen as a sampling plant due to its popularity and demand as a cut flower in the world. Two experiments were executed within 30 days and 16 days respectively, which had involved 14 samples of orchid plants growing indoor and outdoor. The measurements were recorded every 15 minutes continuously along the experiments executed. The 2 mm aluminium strain gauge and it’s signal conditioning that integrated with PIC produced a significant correlation at 0.99
between its output and the changes in displacement. The results showed that the proposed instrumentation was capable to detect the stem’s diameter changes and those studies have had significant impacts for triggering further researches in the
developments of precise watering systems in orchid farms.


Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Nordin, Mohd Khairi
Subjects: S Agriculture > SB Plant culture > Irrigation farming
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > Water supply for domestic and industrial purposes
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Electrical Engineering
Item ID: 14046
Uncontrolled Keywords: Stems, terrestrial plants, watering systems


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