Development of durian ontology from unstructured text and external knowledge source / Khairul Nurmazianna Ismail

Ismail, Khairul Nurmazianna (2014) Development of durian ontology from unstructured text and external knowledge source / Khairul Nurmazianna Ismail. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


Semantic web aims to improve current web retrieval ability by implementing ontology. Ontology can be developed using manually and automatically ontology development. However, ontology development method to suit domain ontology constrains are lacking. 40 HTML files related to durian plantation are collected. Durian plantation is chosen as domain focused because durian has high potential in the market. From the files, 512 words are categorized as relevant and 53 8 words are not relevant to durian plantation. The relevant words are used in this research for ontology development process. Firstly, manual ontology development called durian ontology development or DuriO Methodology is constructed by integrating Methontology and Ontology Development 101 methodology. DuriO Methodology has five phases namely, determine scope, webpages analysis, reuse knowledge model, implementation and validation phases. Each phase has specific activities. Techniques to determine the scope of ontology is by construction competency questions. In the webpages analysis phase, it has two activities namely HTML files selection and terms
enumeration. In the third phase, external knowledge sources such as knowledge model from Agropedia is embedded as the basic element of ontology development. Then, the basic element is use ontology editor for implementation phase. The last phase is to validate the ontology by using competency question and Agrovoc class alignment. From the construction of DuriO, 21 durian characteristics are produced in Webpage analysis phase. Furthermore in reuse knowledge model phase, it produces initial and domain expert verified ontology element. In ontology validation phase, it shows the validation results using competency questions and Agrovoc concept alignment. Secondly, the research progress of constructing automatic ontology development is to ensure DuriO is reliable. Automatic ontology development use ontology learning tool. It has three phases that include workflow view, corpus view and Probabilistic Ontology Model (POM) view. In the first phase, the ontology element and algorithm techniques should be selected. While in the second phase, the HTML files are uploaded for processing. The final phase, the ontology in Web Ontology Language (OWL) is display. Thirdly, ontology elements from both ontology methods are extracted by using RDF Query Language. Ontology element extraction of manual ontology development consists of three processes namely ontology element selection, query construction and ontology element extracted. Meanwhile in ontology element extraction of automatic ontology development, started with upload the OWL file and the next process is the three processes that mention before. Ontology element extraction of manual ontology development yields 116 classes, 97 subclasses, 50 properties and 126 instances. Meanwhile, ontology element extraction of automatic ontology development produce 3186 classes, 104 subclasses, 97 properties and 2569 instances. Finally this research shows that manual ontology development DuriO produces completeness domain ontology upon its development scope and less comprehensiveness domain ontology than automatic ontology.


Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Email / ID Num.
Ismail, Khairul Nurmazianna
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Abu Bakar, Zainab (Prof. Dr.)
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BD Speculative Philosophy > Ontology
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics. Nuclear engineering > Telecommunication > World Wide Web. Web portals. Web site development > Semantic Web
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences
Programme: Master of Science
Keywords: Semantic web, ontology, durian plantation, durian ontology, DuriO Methodology
Date: November 2014
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