Spatial mapping of temporal risk characteristics: a case study of dengue cases in Subang Jaya / Muhammad Afiq Mohd Razif

Mohd Razif, Muhammad Afiq (2010) Spatial mapping of temporal risk characteristics: a case study of dengue cases in Subang Jaya / Muhammad Afiq Mohd Razif. Degree thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM).


Dengue has become the most widespread vector borne viral diseases of human with the the rough estimates of between 60 and 100 million cases of dengue fever annually worldwide. In Malaysia, the number of dengue cases has shown a steadily increasing pattern from year 2000 to 2005. The total number of dengue cases in 2000 is about 7000 cases whereas in 2005, the number of cases mounting to 40000. Until now, the traditional approach in Controlling dengue is through visual analysis using
case incidence data. This study proposed a new set of parameter which define dengue occurrence at an area according to its time characteristics. The parameter used is frequency index, duration index and intensity index. The objectives of this study were to measure the temporally defined risk indices, to map the measured temporal risk indices and to statistically prove the relationship between each temporal risk indices. Measurement of the three temporal risk indices found that there are areas with significant high value for each of the temporal indices. This suggests that areas within Subang Jaya Municipality have different temporal characteristics for dengue occurrence. Value of frequency index is quite low which is below the half mark of 1.
1 indicates that dengue will occur every week throughout the year. Mean value of duration index is 1.66 which point out that the mean duration of an epidemic wave is
about 2 weeks. 5.41 is the mean value for intensity index and its signify that during an epidemic wave, about 5 to 6 people in 1000 population will be infected by dengue
fever. Mapping, which is a spatial analysis method, is utilized for the visual analysis of the three temporal indices. Mapping of the frequency index found out that the most areas with high value is found in 2008. The visual analysis of duration index shows that there is distribution pattern where areas which had history of high duration per wave will experienced it in the future. This is evident for Taman Serdang Raya in 2005 and 2007 and Taman Kinrara in 2006 and 2008. There is no significant distribution pattern for intensity index as the high value tends to stay at the same locality throughout the years. Ares with high intensity index value are Taman Subang Mas, PJS area and Kota Perdana. Spearman test is done to toest the correlation between each temporal risk indices. There are 3 types of relationship which are frequency-duration relation, frequency-intensity relation and durationintensity relation. The correlation coefficient for all the three types of relationship is above 0.7. The value indicate that there is strong correlation between each temporal
risk indices. As a recommendation, the temporal risk indices can be utilized by public health officials to characterize dengue rather than relying on the traditional case incidence data


Item Type: Thesis (Degree)
Email / ID Num.
Mohd Razif, Muhammad Afiq
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology > Virology
R Medicine > RC Internal Medicine > Chronic diseases > Dengue
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Health Sciences
Programme: Bachelor in Environmental Health and Safety (Hons)
Keywords: Spatial risk assessment, spatial temporal clustering, geographic information System, dengue fever
Date: 2010
Edit Item
Edit Item


[thumbnail of TD_MUHAMMAD AFIQ MOHD RAZIF HS 10_5 1.pdf] Text

Download (358kB)

Digital Copy

Digital (fulltext) is available at:

Physical Copy

Physical status and holdings:
Item Status:

ID Number




Statistic details