Number sense and mental computation among secondary students' in Selangor / Parmjit Singh, Rosmawati Abdul Halim and Rusyah Abdul Ghani

Singh, Parmjit and Abdul Halim, Rosmawati and Abdul Ghani, Rusyah (2005) Number sense and mental computation among secondary students' in Selangor / Parmjit Singh, Rosmawati Abdul Halim and Rusyah Abdul Ghani. Social and Management Research Journal (SMRJ), 2 (2). pp. 13-23. ISSN 1675-7017


The purpose of this research was to assess students understanding of number sense and mental computation among Form One, Form Two, Form Three and Form Four students. A total of 1756 students, ages ranging from /2 to 17 years, from thirteen schools in Selangor participated in this study. A majority (74.9%) of these students obtained an A grade for their respective year-end school examinations. The design for this study was quantitative in nature where the data on students sense of numbers was collected using two instruments, namely, Number Sense Test and Mental Computation Test. Each of these instruments consisted of 50 and 45 items respectively. The results from this study indicate that students were not able to cope to the Number Sense Test as compared to the Mental Computation Test. The former unveils a low percentage of 37.3% to 47.7% as compared to the latter of 79% to 88.6% across the levels. In the number Sense Test, surprisingly. there was no significant difference in the results between Form 1 students and Form 2 students and also between Form 3 students and Form 4 students. This seems to indicate that as the number of years in schools increase, there is an increasing reliance on algorithm and procedures. Although in the literature it has been argued that including mental computation in a mathematics curriculum promotes number sense (Mcintosh et. al., J997; Reys, Reys, Nohda, & Emori, J995), this was not the case in this study. It seems that an over reliance on paper and pencil computation at the expense of intuitive understanding of numbers is taking place among these students.


Item Type: Article
CreatorsEmail / ID. Num
Abdul Halim, RosmawatiUNSPECIFIED
Abdul Ghani, RusyahUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: ?? LB1603.S45 ??
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > School life. Student manners and customs. Students
Q Science > QA Mathematics > Instruments and machines > Electronic Computers. Computer Science
Divisions: ?? sa_irdc ??
Journal or Publication Title: Social and Management Research Journal (SMRJ)
Journal: UiTM Journal > Social and Management Research Journal (SMRJ)
ISSN: 1675-7017
Volume: 2
Number: 2
Page Range: pp. 13-23
Official URL:
Item ID: 12963
Uncontrolled Keywords: Number sense, mental computation, schools, Selangor.


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