Continuous biodiesel production with anion-exchange resin / Takuya Ito ... [et al.]

Ito, Takuya and Kakuta, Yusuke and Hirano, Katsumi and Suganuma, Hideki and Kato, Shigeru and Suzuki, Seiichi and Kojima, Toshinori (2015) Continuous biodiesel production with anion-exchange resin / Takuya Ito ... [et al.]. Esteem Academic Journal, 11 (1). pp. 26-34. ISSN 1675-7939

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Abstract

Biodiesel attracts attention as an alternative to fossil fuel. Though the raw material of biodiesel is renewable and carbon neutral, in the conventional method the product is contaminated with the homogeneous alkali catalyst. Hence, the application of the anion-exchange resin was used as the solid base catalyst. While the method of using the anion-exchange resin has already been reported, a problem in durability remains. In the present paper, the reaction
mechanism of the transesterification using the anion-exchange resin was examined. As a result, it was suggested that the ion exchange between the hydroxyl ion of the resin and the methoxide ion of the methanol occurred first in the transesterification when the anion-exchange resin was used. The fatty acid was generated by hydrolysis of triglyceride because the water was generated along with this ion exchange reaction. Then, the methoxide type anion-exchange resin without hydroxyl group was made as starting material
for experiments. The applicability of the methoxide type anion-exchange resin to the fixed bed reactor in the biodiesel manufacturing process was examined. As a result, its applicability was confirmed by using a part of producing
biodiesel as the recycling solvent and by adding excessive methanol.

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Item Type: Article
Creators:
Creators
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Ito, Takuya
UNSPECIFIED
Kakuta, Yusuke
UNSPECIFIED
Hirano, Katsumi
UNSPECIFIED
Suganuma, Hideki
UNSPECIFIED
Kato, Shigeru
UNSPECIFIED
Suzuki, Seiichi
UNSPECIFIED
Kojima, Toshinori
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics > Electricity and magnetism > Anions
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Fuel > Biodiesel fuels
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pulau Pinang
Journal or Publication Title: Esteem Academic Journal
ISSN: 1675-7939
Volume: 11
Number: 1
Page Range: pp. 26-34
Item ID: 12001
Uncontrolled Keywords: biodiesel; anion-exchange resin; transesterification; methoxide ion; fixed-bed reactor
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/12001

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12001

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