Identifying living organisms by using artificial neural networks approach / Raifiza Abdul Rahim

Abdul Rahim, Raifiza (2003) Identifying living organisms by using artificial neural networks approach / Raifiza Abdul Rahim. [Student Project] (Unpublished)

Abstract

Identifying DNA sequences is very useful in forensic area. Currently, there are a lot of computational biology approaches (bioinformatics) in solving the molecular biology. The variation, complexity, and incompletely-understood nature of sequences make it impractical to hand-code algorithm by applying the human ability and laboratory equipments in identifying the sequences. Artificial neural network (ANN), which is one of the commonly used machine learning technique, might be preferable to form its own descriptions of genetic concepts. Thus, it is applied in developing a prototype to identify the living organism whether it is human (Malay or India) or non-human. A multi-layer backpropagation algorithm of one hidden layer with 5 neurons was used. It is the constant representation whereby it produces one output. The training set was composed of 7 types of organisms from randomly selected DNA nucleotide sequences. The result of this prototype shows that it successfully can train the sequence of non-human. The reason it cannot train the human sequence probably because the way of massaging the data. By using the different sequences from the same types of organisms, the network successfully can identify. The training epoch and time can be accelerated if the network is included with the momentum.

Metadata

Item Type: Student Project
Creators:
CreatorsID Num. / Email
Abdul Rahim, RaifizaUNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Perpustakaan Tun Abdul Razak (PTAR)
Item ID: 945
Uncontrolled Keywords: neural networks, DNA, forensics, molecular biology
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/945

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