Mechanical and physical properties of unsaturated polyester resins modified with devulcanized ethylene polypropylene diene monomer waste / Nur Laili Yeop Idris

Yeop Idris, Nur Laili (2020) Mechanical and physical properties of unsaturated polyester resins modified with devulcanized ethylene polypropylene diene monomer waste / Nur Laili Yeop Idris. Degree thesis, Universiti Teknologi Mara Perlis.

Abstract

The mechanical and physical properties of Unsaturated Polyester (UPE) resin modified with devulcanized EPDM (D-EPDM) waste were successfully investigated. D-EPDM waste was blended with UPE at different rubber loading i.e., 0, 10, 20, 30 and 40%. UPE is one of thermoset resin which is lack of toughness due to its high crosslink density that resulting in brittleness of the material. In order to improve its toughness, the introduction of the elastomeric phase was done. However, the usage of rubber may generate more accumulation of waste in landfill. The problem is solved by devulcanized EPDM waste by microwave. The microwave was used in order to break down the cross-linking of EPDM waste. The mechanical and physical testing was carried out. FTIR analysis was analyzed to determine whether physical or chemical interaction involves. FTIR spectra show C=O, C=C and S-O–C bonds are disappeared after devulcanization. A peak at 740 cm-1 and 847 cm-1 revealed as D-EPDM waste in UPE resin existed. DSC analysis indicates the addition of D-EPDM waste has increased the ⵠH. Based on the impact test, the best impact strength is at 40% of D-EPDM waste due to better dispersion of D-EPDM waste particles in UPE matrix and capable to absorb high impact. The hardness of UPE/D-EPDM waste blend decreases gradually as the amount of D-EPDM waste increases. The percentage of water absorption increases as the amount of D-EPDM waste loading increases. However, it decreased at 40% of D-EPDM waste loading. Last but not least, the density results show that the density value increases gradually as the loading of D-EPDM waste increases.

Metadata

Item Type: Thesis (Degree)
Creators:
CreatorsID Num. / Email
Yeop Idris, Nur Laili2016535245
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Inorganic polymers
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Polypropylene
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perlis > Arau Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Item ID: 34563
Uncontrolled Keywords: Unsaturated Polyester Resins Modified ; Devulcanized Ethylene Polypropylene Diene Monomer Waste ; Mechanical ; Physical Properties
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/34563

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