Understanding on the factors that affecting the implementation of modified wakalah model in Takaful industry in Malaysia / Nurul Farehah Anuar

Anuar, Nurul Farehah (2011) Understanding on the factors that affecting the implementation of modified wakalah model in Takaful industry in Malaysia / Nurul Farehah Anuar. [Student Project] (Unpublished)

Abstract

Insurance is an economic necessity. But Shariah concept of Takaful is absent in the conventional insurance mechanism. Therefore, there is an urgent need to introduce Shariah based principles and mechanism. This is why the Shariah scholars of the modern age have studied insurance mechanism in depth in order to reach a Shariah ruling that could encourage the Muslims throughout the world to avail of the services of insurance for their own benefit. The objective of insurance is to protect individuals against risks of life, health and wealth. The concept of insurance is acceptable within the framework of Islamic principles. While most of the members of Muslim community are financially handicapped, the establishment and operation of Takaful is the need of the time. The Shariah requires that takaful mechanism should ensure benefit for all the contracting parties. In Islamic law, contracts must serve the interest of both parties equally. An Islamic Insurance company, therefore, should endeavor to meet the objective of cooperation and solidarity among the participants. The contributions made by the participants belong to them and not to the operators as being practised by conventional insurance companies. There are several forms of contract that govern the relationship between the participants (policyholder) and Takaful operator. The most widely used contracts are the mudaraba (profit sharing) contract and wakala (agency) contract. But there are some issues occurred relating to these models thus some modification have been made to protect the interest of the policyholder in Takaful fund. This research more focusing on the choice of Modified wakalah as Takaful operating model because it permissible the Takaful operator to generate earning from wakalah fee, investment returns and also underwriting surplus.

Metadata

Item Type: Student Project
Creators:
CreatorsID Num. / Email
Anuar, Nurul Farehah2009689214
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HG Finance > Insurance
H Social Sciences > HG Finance > Insurance > Insurance business. Insurance management
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Melaka > Alor Gajah Campus > Faculty of Business and Management
Programme: Bachelor of Business Administration (Hons) Insurance (BA241)
Item ID: 30421
Uncontrolled Keywords: Insurance; Takaful; Wakalah model; Malaysia
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/30421

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