Formula instruction in English language writing: learnability, teachability and learner variables / Nor Ashikin Ab Manan

Ab Manan, Nor Ashikin (2016) Formula instruction in English language writing: learnability, teachability and learner variables / Nor Ashikin Ab Manan. Creative Practices in Language Learning and Teaching (CPLT), 4 (1). pp. 1-14. ISSN 1823464-X

Abstract

This paper discusses pertinent issues in relation to formula instruction. It is based on a quasi- experimental study which was primarily carried out to ascertain whether incorporating formula instruction into an academic writing class is advantageous in improving the participants’ academic writing performance. Since time allocated for academic writing at university level is often limited to explicitly teach a large collection of formulaic expressions in English language, the paper attempts to address the issues of ‘teachable’ and ‘learnability’ in formula instruction. The paper also highlights the effect of two learner variables namely general English language proficiency level and gender on the participants’ post-test performance. Subsequently, the pattern of formula use among the participants from different proficiency levels was examined and discussed. It was concluded based on the findings that formula instruction is beneficial due to the fact that the experimental group outperformed the control group in the post-test. It was found that the effect of proficiency level on the post-test results is significant but the effect of gender is insignificant. Lower level participants were found to have used more target formulas overall and the formulas used were generally high frequency target formulas. On the other hand, higher level participants had utilized mostly low frequency non-target formulas in their post-test.

Metadata

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsID Num. / Email
Ab Manan, Nor Ashikinnoras914@perak.uitm.edu.my
Subjects: P Language and Literature > PE English language > Study and teaching
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Kedah > Sg Petani Campus
Journal or Publication Title: Creative Practices in Language Learning and Teaching (CPLT)
Journal: UiTM Journal > Journal of Creative Practices in Language Learning and Teaching
ISSN: 1823464-X
Volume: 4
Number: 1
Page Range: pp. 1-14
Item ID: 30206
Uncontrolled Keywords: Academic formula instruction; learner variables; proficiency level; gender difference
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/30206

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