Prevalence of urinary incontinence, its risk factors and effect on the quality of life in women after their first delivery / Bahiyah Abdullah … [et al.]

Abdullah, Bahiyah and Ayub, Siti Hajar and Mohd Zahid, Akmal Zulayla and Abd Rahman, Noorneza and Isa, Mohamad Rodi (2017) Prevalence of urinary incontinence, its risk factors and effect on the quality of life in women after their first delivery / Bahiyah Abdullah … [et al.]. Journal of Clinical and Health Sciences, 2 (1). pp. 1-8. ISSN 0127-984X

Abstract

Although urinary incontinence is commonly associated with increasing parity, there is however a lack of published data on urinary incontinence among primiparous women. This study aims to determine its prevalence among primiparous women at 6-8 weeks postpartum, its risk factors and effects to their quality of life. Methods: This is a crosssectional study involving primiparous women at 6-8 weeks postpartum. Women in their third trimester were recruited using convenience sampling. Data were obtained using a study proforma, and International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire – Short Form (ICIQSF) over a face-to-face interview. The same questionnaire with additional enquiries on delivery was completed over a telephone interview at 6-8 week postpartum. Data were analysed using chi-square and simple logistic regression tests contained in the Statistical Package for Social Science version 20.0. Results: Three hundred and six women participated in this study. The prevalence of urinary incontinence in the third trimester of pregnancy was 34.3% (95%CI: 29.0, 39.7) and dropped to 5.2% (95% CI: 2.7, 7.7) at 6-8 weeks postpartum. Childhood enuresis and postpartum body mass index were the two factors that showed significant association with postpartum urinary incontinence. Urinary incontinence in 95 (31%) women had resolved by 6-8 weeks postpartum, whereas 10 (3.3%) women still had persistent symptom. A small proportion of women (2.0%) developed urinary incontinence in the postpartum period. Majority of women with urinary incontinence did not feel it significantly affected their quality of life. The ICIQ- SF mean score was 6.13 (range 2- 12). Conclusions: Postpartum urinary incontinence is rather uncommon among primiparous women and does not seem to affect their quality of life. Childhood enuresis and postpartum BMI were risk factors associated with postpartum urinary incontinence.

Metadata

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsID Num. / Email
Abdullah, BahiyahUNSPECIFIED
Ayub, Siti HajarUNSPECIFIED
Mohd Zahid, Akmal ZulaylaUNSPECIFIED
Abd Rahman, NoornezaUNSPECIFIED
Isa, Mohamad RodiUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal Medicine > Specialties of internal medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal Medicine > Specialties of internal medicine > Diseases of the genitourinary system. Urology
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Medicine
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Clinical and Health Sciences
Journal: UiTM Journal > Journal of Clinical and Health Sciences
ISSN: 0127-984X
Volume: 2
Number: 1
Page Range: pp. 1-8
Official URL: https://jchs-medicine.uitm.edu.my/images/manuscrip...
Item ID: 30059
Uncontrolled Keywords: urinary incontinence, postpartum, primiparous
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/30059

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