The gap between formal education and ecotourism in Penang / Song-Quan Ong, Hamdan Ahmad and Zairi Jaal

Ong, Song-Quan and Ahmad, Hamdan and Jaal, Zairi (2019) The gap between formal education and ecotourism in Penang / Song-Quan Ong, Hamdan Ahmad and Zairi Jaal. ESTEEM Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 3. pp. 59-68. ISSN 2600-7274

Abstract

The development of ecotourism in Penang has to acquire environmental knowledge. We aimed to determine the supply, demand and career pathway for the environmental program in Penang. All the programs of Higher Education Providers (HEPs) were analyzed, market demand was conducted on the high schools’ students of Penang empirically, and the career pathways were evaluated from essential recruitment companies. There are 84 tertiary education institutions in the Northern Peninsular Malaysia (five public universities, ten private universities, eight university colleges, and 61 colleges), but only three institutions provided environmental or related undergraduate programs; 13 institutions consisted of tourism management programs, but not specific in ecotourism. For the demand investigation, a program survey was conducted on 206 students with age between 16-19 (Form 4, 5, 6 and A-level); more than 58% of the students showed favorable to the environmental programs. However, the job opportunities related to the environment were significantly fewer compared to other occupations; this might be the reason for fewer programs in HEPs. Development of ecotourism in Penang must be equipped with the environmental knowledge to bring the true meaning of ecotourism--to protect nature, empower the local people, and educate the local population and the ecotourist.

Metadata

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsID Num. / Email
Ong, Song-Quansongguan26@gmail.com
Ahmad, HamdanUNSPECIFIED
Jaal, ZairiUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > Learning. Learning strategies
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > Learning. Learning strategies > Malaysia
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > Secondary education. High school teaching
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > Secondary education. High school teaching > Malaysia > Pulau Pinang (Malaysia)
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > Secondary education. High school teaching > Malaysia
L Education > LC Special aspects of education > Education and travel
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pulau Pinang > Permatang Pauh Campus
Journal or Publication Title: ESTEEM Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities
Journal: UiTM Journal > ESTEEM Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities
ISSN: 2600-7274
Volume: 3
Page Range: pp. 59-68
Official URL: https://ejssh.uitm.edu.my/
Item ID: 29481
Uncontrolled Keywords: ecotourism in Penang; Northern Peninsular Malaysia; environmental program; higher education providers; high schools’ student
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/29481

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