Countering terrorism through religion, culture, legal and ethical values / Mokhtar Muhammad and Haliza Hasan

Muhammad, Mokhtar and Hasan, Haliza (2020) Countering terrorism through religion, culture, legal and ethical values / Mokhtar Muhammad and Haliza Hasan. ESTEEM Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 5. pp. 79-92. ISSN 2600-7274

Abstract

Terrorism has been widely used as a tool by extremist to achieve their political, religious, and ideological agendas. The most worrying issue about terrorism is that innocent civilians are targeted, and they are considered as soft targets. Terrorists consider themselves above the law and normally do not work within the legal and ethical frame of the common army. The mass destruction committed by terrorists is also monstrous in comparison to normal criminals, usually the cause of a huge number of deaths and devastation of properties. Religion is typically used as a motivation for terrorism act where ignorant people are deceived to commit acts of terrorism in the name of religion. This is done by cunning designed doctrines which are used to instigate the perpetrators. Therefore, a better counter-narrative to overcome such doctrines. The use of legal means has proven worldwide to be one of the most effective ways to overcome terrorism. The inculcation of ethics is also important as ethics were throughout history, observed, even in the worse of wars. It is imperatives that all parties of conflicts to observe ethics despite their differences. A culture might easily be influenced by extremist ideas if left unchecked, thus leading to the flourishing of radical ideas. The best solution is for all these elements to synergize to create a concerted effort to combat terrorism.

Metadata

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsID Num. / Email
Muhammad, Mokhtarmokhtar413@uitm.edu.my
Hasan, Halizahaliza018@uitm.edu.my
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology > Criminology
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology > Criminology > Offenses against public safety. Internal security
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology > Criminology > Offenses against public safety. Internal security > Terrorism
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pulau Pinang > Permatang Pauh Campus
Journal or Publication Title: ESTEEM Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities
Journal: UiTM Journal > ESTEEM Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities
ISSN: 2600-7274
Volume: 5
Page Range: pp. 79-92
Official URL: https://ejssh.uitm.edu.my/
Item ID: 29162
Uncontrolled Keywords: Religion; Terrorist; Culture, Legal and Ethical Values, Media
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/29162

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