A novel adsorbent formed from blast furnace slag by alkali fusion for phosphate ions removal / Takaaki Wajima

Wajima, Takaaki (2017) A novel adsorbent formed from blast furnace slag by alkali fusion for phosphate ions removal / Takaaki Wajima. ESTEEM Academic Journal, 13. pp. 1-17. ISSN 1675-7939

Official URL: http://uppp.uitm.edu.my

Abstract

Blast furnace slag (BF slag) was converted using alkali fusion method into a novel adsorbent to remove phosphate from aqueous solutions. The slag was mixed with NaOH powder (NaOH / Slag = 1.6) and then heated at 600 °C for 6 h to prepare the fused precursor. The precursor was stirred in distilled water at room temperature to synthesize the adsorbent and its ability to remove phosphate from aqueous solution was investigated. Fand PO43- removal efficiencies by the adsorbent were higher than those of raw BF slag, with the removal of PO43- being particularly excellent (99%), while Cl-, SO42-, NO3- and Brwere barely adsorbed. With increasing pH of the solution to around pH 7, phosphate removal of the product increases, and then becomes almost constant. The equilibrium adsorption capacity of the product for PO43- was found to fit the Freundlich isotherm better than the Langmuir isotherm, and the calculated maximum PO43- adsorption capacity of the product was 7.67 mmol/g. Phosphate removal corresponded better to a pseudo second-order kinetic model than a pseudo first-order model. The high affinity of the adsorbent for PO43- in aqueous solution was caused by the formation of hydroxyapatite [Ca5(PO4)3(OH)] and brushite [CaHPO4•2H2O]

Metadata

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsID Num. / Email
Wajima, TakaakiUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Physical and theoretical chemistry > Conditions and laws of chemical reactions
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Biotechnology
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pulau Pinang > Permatang Pauh Campus
Journal or Publication Title: ESTEEM Academic Journal
ISSN: 1675-7939
Volume: 13
Page Range: pp. 1-17
Official URL: http://uppp.uitm.edu.my
Item ID: 28757
Uncontrolled Keywords: blast burnace slag; alkali fusion; phosphate removal; high selectivity. hydrocalumite; hydroxyapatite; brushite
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/28757

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