Nanotoxicity assessment of iron oxide nanoparticles coated with perchloric acid and Sipeg in comparison to iodine as a radiographic contrast media / Nur Amirah Mohd Nor

Mohd Nor, Nur Amirah (2015) Nanotoxicity assessment of iron oxide nanoparticles coated with perchloric acid and Sipeg in comparison to iodine as a radiographic contrast media / Nur Amirah Mohd Nor. Degree thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

Abstract

Engineered nanoparticles have been extensively explored in various biomedical settings including nano particulate imaging agents due to its promising benefits to mankind. Iodine-intolerance patients have caused alarming concerns in searching new contrast media with lower toxicity effect. However, proper potential mechanism of nanoparticles has yet to be fully established despite its early acceptance and emerging usage. By using animal model system, our aim is to assess acute nanotoxicity of 14 nm iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) coated with perchloric acid and silane-polyethylene glycol (SiPEG) in comparison to iodine. Eighteen Wistar Rats were used in order to explore the underlying toxicity of coated IONPs in liver tissues. .OH free radicals were elucidated by using reactive oxygen species (ROS) production assay and western blotting for the presence of p53 protein expression. The results revealed coated IONPs produced higher ROS level compared to iodine, however no statistical significant were observed. It can be hypothesized that higher amount of antioxidant has been produced by rats in iodine group in correlation to combat higher amount of ROS produced before assayed was conducted. Expressions of the p53 protein from the coated IONPs group were further observed. Expression of p53 protein suggested initiation of antioxidants production by the protein to ameliorate intracellular ROS production to further achieve normal redox balance in curtailing further damage. The outcomes highlighted that short-term administration of IONPs with functionalization surfaces are safe to be applied as radiographic contrast media. A STUDY OF THE MARKET REACTION TOWARDS BOARD OF

Metadata

Item Type: Thesis (Degree)
Creators:
CreatorsID Num. / Email
Mohd Nor, Nur AmirahUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General) > Neural networks (Computer science). Data processing
R Medicine > R Medicine (General) > Medical technology
R Medicine > R Medicine (General) > Medical physics. Medical radiology. Nuclear medicine
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Health Sciences
Programme: Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology
Item ID: 28058
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nanotoxicity, Iron oxide, Perchloric acid, Sipeg
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/28058

Download

[img] Text
TD_NUR AMIRAH MOHD NOR HS 15_5.pdf

Download (1MB)

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year