Association of depression, anxiety and stress on indices of metabolic syndrome among adults in Puncak Alam / Noor Aina Mohamad Anuar Ridi

Mohamad Anuar Ridi, Noor Aina (2016) Association of depression, anxiety and stress on indices of metabolic syndrome among adults in Puncak Alam / Noor Aina Mohamad Anuar Ridi. Degree thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

Abstract

Depression, anxiety or stress is the most common psychiatric disorder worldwide. The burden of diseases for this psychiatric disorder goes beyond functioning and quality of life and extends to somatic health. Commonly, the risk factors such as dyslipidemia, hypertension, and hyperglycemia are clustered together. This clustering of risk factors also known as metabolic syndrome. This study was conducted to see the association of depression on indices of metabolic syndrome. Apart from that, this study was done to see the association of anxiety on indices of metabolic syndrome. Moreover, this study also conducted to see the association of stress on indices of metabolic syndrome. This study was performed through cross sectional study design and conducted in Puncak Alam, Selangor, Malaysia. The method of selecting the sample is convenient sampling. The subjects in this study involved adults aged from 25 to 64 years old. In this research, the inclusion and exclusion criteria were decided which are subjects comprise from both man and women from Puncak Alam. Tools that used to do this research are demographic data questionnaire, Depression, Anxiety and Stress (DASS 21) questionnaire and International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). In this study, Pearson correlation were used to analyze the relationship between those two variables. From the result obtained, systolic BP and diastolic BP were significantly correlated with depression. These result indicate that, within the total sample, those participants experiencing higher level of depression tend to have high systolic and diastolic blood pressure level. For anxiety, there is no correlation with the indices of metabolic syndrome. Within the total sample, systolic and diastolic blood pressure were negatively and significantly correlated with anxiety. These result indicates that, those participants with high stress level tend to have high systolic and diastolic blood pressure level.

Metadata

Item Type: Thesis (Degree)
Creators:
CreatorsID Num. / Email
Mohamad Anuar Ridi, Noor AinaUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal Medicine > Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
R Medicine > RC Internal Medicine > Specialties of internal medicine > Metabolic diseases
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Health Sciences
Programme: Bachelor of Nutrition and Dietetics
Item ID: 28018
Uncontrolled Keywords: Depression, Anxiety, Stress, Metabolic syndrome, Puncak Alam
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/28018

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