Isolation and characterization of lactobacillus spp. isolated from breast milk of lactation mother for probiotic properties / Suhanis Nadia Salleh

Salleh, Suhanis Nadia (2015) Isolation and characterization of lactobacillus spp. isolated from breast milk of lactation mother for probiotic properties / Suhanis Nadia Salleh. Degree thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

Abstract

Probiotics are live microorganism that can be implemented as a new approach to promote health. These organism are found to be an attractive means fur health due to their probiotic properties including the ability to tolerate bile, low pH, and generate antimicrobial activity. Breast milk is a potential source of Lactobacillus spp. and one of the criteria that round beneficial is that it is human origin which could be more reliable sources. Lack of study on isolation of probiotic bacteria from breast milk were reported and some probiotic properties show a variation between strain from different region and population Also, some of the probiotics which commercially used is not found to be a promising strain for all criteria of probiotic properties. This study was conducted to isolate, and characterize Lactobacillus spp. isolated from breast milk of lactating mother to be tested fur two probiotic property tests include pH tolerance and antimicrobial activity. In this study, the isolates from breast milk expected to be Lactobacillus spp. were phenotypically and genotypic ally characterized. The isolates were initially identified by using API 50 CH kit. Further identification were executed by molecular characterization involving PCR amplification, sequencing and phylogenetic analysis. The isolates were then subjected to probiotic test include pH tolerance and antimicrobial activity. Four isolates were determined as Gram positive bacilli, catalase negative with no endospore formation Identification by API 50 CH kit revealed the isolates as Lactobacillus fermentum. PCR amplification results in separation range from 1500 bp to 2000 bp. Sequencing and phylogenetic analysis done with reference strains retrieved from National Center for Biotechnological Information demonstrated showed strong relationship between Isolates 1 and 3 with the reference strains. Among the isolates, Isolate 3 and Isolate 4 show slightly greater tolerance to acid after 5 hours. The differences found in the growth rate were not significant (p > 0.05). Test fur antimicrobial activity show a significant result fur non-neutralized supernatant, (p < 0.05) and Isolate 1 and Isolate 2 show greater antimicrobial activity against the pathogenic organism; tested. Not much inhibition observed for antimicrobial activity using neutralized supernatant. Due to the ability to tolerate pH and antimicrobial activity observed, the isolates were considerable to be subjected for further test to find the best strain to be regarded as the best candidate for probiotic.

Metadata

Item Type: Thesis (Degree)
Creators:
CreatorsID Num. / Email
Salleh, Suhanis NadiaUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QP Physiology > Nutrition
Q Science > QR Microbiology
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Health Sciences
Programme: Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology (Hons),
Item ID: 27923
Uncontrolled Keywords: probiotics, Lactobacillus, milk
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/27923

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