Electrical and barrier properties of modified polyaniline coating films and its effects on the corrosion protection of mild steel / Amirah Amalina Ahmad Tarmizi

Ahmad Tarmizi, Amirah Amalina (2017) Electrical and barrier properties of modified polyaniline coating films and its effects on the corrosion protection of mild steel / Amirah Amalina Ahmad Tarmizi. PhD thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

Abstract

The study investigated the coating properties of polyaniline (PANI), polyaniline with nano silica (PANI nSi) and polyaniline with 3-amino silane modified nano silica (PANI 3-APS modified nano silica). Investigation were carried out on the effects of nano silica and amino-silane modified nano silica fillers on the structure, morphology and its influence on the electrical and ionic barrier properties of polyaniline. Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) showed the successful formation of PANI, PANI nSi and PANI 3-APS modified nano silica. Correlation between concentration of acid and fillers weight ratio with conductivity were studied. The electrical conductivity of all samples was determined using the bulk resistance value obtained from the Nyquist plot in the frequency range of 0.1 Hz to 100 MHz. PANI prepared in 0.1 M oxalic acid shows the highest room temperature electrical conductivity value of, 2.52 x 10-6 S cm-1. The highest electrical conductivity of PANI nSi was 2.4 x10-4 S cm-1 for PANI containing 20%w/w nano silica fillers. For PANI 3-APS modified nano silica, PANI added with 20%w/w o f 3-APS modified nano silica fillers exhibit the highest conductivity values which were 4.0 x l0-6 S cm-1. PANI, PANI nSi and PANI 3-APS modified nano silica with the optimum condition was selected for further characterization. The study also calculated the conductivity of all selected samples in wet condition. The transference numbers determined the conductivity behaviour of all chosen samples in dry and wet conditions. The transference numbers were calculated using Wagner’s polarization method. The transference numbers determined in dry condition revealed that all samples behave as electronic conductor, however, when exposed to wet condition they exhibit as mixed conductor (electronic and ionic). PANI nSi shows the highest conductivity in dry and wet condition. The higher conductivity value is due to the ion-transporting abilities in PANI nSi. Addition of fillers had changed the morphology of polyaniline. Results from X-ray diffraction (XRD) and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) support these findings. Thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) reveals that PANI nSi was more stable compared to PANI and PANI 3-APS modified nano silica. Potential differences studies were further conducted to determine the barrier properties of PANI, PANI nSi and PANI 3-APS modified nano silica. PANI nSi shows the highest potential differences values which indicates the high possibility of the film to resist ions. The resistant measurement results also show that PANI nSi has the highest resistant values. pH measurement indicates that acid leached out from PANI, PANI nSi and PANI 3-APS modified nano silica. The determination of dielectric values of PANI, PANI nSi and PANI 3-APS modified nano silica assisted in understanding the properties of the coatings. Dielectric values at mid frequencies show that the addition of nano silica filler had maintained the dielectric values of PANI nSi. Dielectric results suggest that water diffusions and cations movement through the film had caused acid to leave the film. Potentiodynamic polarization experiment of coated and uncoated mild steel was conducted in 0.5 M hydrochloric acid and 0.5 M sulphuric acid solution further revealed that PANI nSi displays the best corrosion protection in both acidic media. The corrosion inhibition efficiency of PANI nSi is 81.6% in 0.5 M H2SO4 and 98.8% in 0.5 M HC1.

Metadata

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Creators:
CreatorsID Num. / Email
Ahmad Tarmizi, Amirah AmalinaUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Chemical engineering > Coatings
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Programme: Doctor of Philosophy (Applied Sciences)
Item ID: 27745
Uncontrolled Keywords: Properties, Polyaniline, Corrosion
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/27745

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