Preparation and characterization of Mgl2-Mg3 (PO₄)₂ AI2O3 electrolyte for magnesium battery / Azlini Ab.Aziz

Ab.Aziz, Azlini (2014) Preparation and characterization of Mgl2-Mg3 (PO₄)₂ AI2O3 electrolyte for magnesium battery / Azlini Ab.Aziz. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

Abstract

The discovery of lithium iodide based solid electrolytes with high ambient electrical conductivity stimulates considerable attention on Mgl2-Mg3 (PO^ binary system and Mgl2-Mg3 (PC>4)2 with AI2O3. Mg have formal valency of 2+ and it is expected that the mobility of the Mg2+ to be less than the smallest metal ion Li+. Alumina has unique properties that able to enhance the ionic conductivity. All samples prepared by using ball milling method and sintering method. The sample are characterized by using physical and electrical spectroscopy in order to find the suitable inorganic solid electrolytes composition for fabrication of magnesium battery. Conductivity measurement by the AC impedance (EIS) technique shows that the binary system of Mgl2-Mg3 (PC>4)2 exhibits the highest room temperature conductivity of 5.23E-04 Scm' 1 for 30 weight percent of Mgl2 while the system Mgl2-Mg3 (PO^ with AI2O3 shows maximum conductivity of 1.08E-03 Scm"1 for the electrolyte with 4 weight percent of AI2O3. The increase in ionic conductivity is due to ion dissociation and decrease of value ionic conductivity is due to blocking effect. Temperature dependence showed the activation energy is lowered for the highest conducting sample. For Mgl2-Mg3 (PO^ the activation energy obtained is 0.29eV and Mgl2-Mg3 (PC>4)2 with AI2O3 is 0.22eV. The temperature dependence conductivity follows Arhenius behaviour. Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM) images show some changes in the morphology after introduce the Mgl2 and filler. The samples with filler shows nano flakes like structure with some space created allowing the Mg2+ cations to migrate that lead to enhanced conductivity. FTIR spectroscopy justified interaction and complexation in the both systems. The semicrystalline nature in the system reveals by XRD. The modulus formalism studies show that both system is ionic conductor with the value of transference number in the range of 0.8-0.96. The fabricated cell using electrolyte of 30 weight percent of Mgl2 with 4 wt.% of AI2O3 showed the better performance more than 100 hours by characterize using discharge characteristics of 1.5 [xA of current and the value of open circuit voltage is 1.2V at room temperature.

Metadata

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Creators:
CreatorsID Num. / Email
Ab.Aziz, AzliniUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Inorganic chemistry
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Item ID: 26737
Uncontrolled Keywords: Electrolyte, Magnesium, Battery
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/26737

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