Improving the wrinkle resistance of cotton and rayon batiks / Diyana Aida Abdul Rahim

Abdul Rahim, Diyana Aida (2014) Improving the wrinkle resistance of cotton and rayon batiks / Diyana Aida Abdul Rahim. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

Abstract

Malaysians are proud of their batik fabrics and products. Various promotional events such as “Batik Crafted for the World” and “Piala Seri Endon” competition were introduced to promote and enhance the popularity of batik. Batik designs are normally applied on silk, cotton and rayon fabrics. However, the problem with cotton and rayon batiks is that they wrinkle badly. In addition, the application of wrinkle free finishes was not formulated specifically for batik fabric. Existing wrinkle free finishes have very good effect on normal fabrics; however the applications of these finishes on batik fabric are not effective. Newer formulations of the wrinkle free finish and the application techniques for batik fabric were studied. The main purpose of this study is to develop a formulation for cotton and rayon batiks to improve wrinkle resistance. The formulation consists of wrinkle resistance agent, magnesium salt, acid and softener. The formulation was applied to cotton and rayon batik fabrics by using padding mangle method and exhaustion method. The comparisons of the two different application methods were analyzed by evaluating the handle properties which are wrinkle recovery appearance, stiffness and wrinkle recovery angle. Both methods indicated almost similar results for stiffness and wrinkle recovery angle testing. However, for wrinkle recovery appearance testing, padding mangle method produced better result. Further testing on the formaldehyde content and colourfastness to washing were also implemented to assure that the fabrics are safe to the wearer and the finishes that were applied to the fabrics did not bring down the colour of the fabrics. The adoption of this unique technique will evidently improve the quality of Malaysian batik.

Metadata

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Creators:
CreatorsID Num. / Email
Abdul Rahim, Diyana AidaUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Paints, pigments, varnishes, etc.
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Item ID: 26439
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cotton, Rayon, Wrinkle Resistance
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/26439

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